Romans (I)

INTRODUCTION

(from a transcript of a sermon preached at Sovereign Redeemer Assembly)


Today I'd like to start a series on the most comprehensive systematic theology in the Bible. It's called the Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Romans. What I'd like to do is to go sentence-by-sentence through this book. I hope all of you pay very close attention to what is being said in the book of Romans, because it very clearly puts forth the gospel of salvation conditioned on the atoning blood and imputed righteousness of Christ alone.

I'd first like to give some introductory facts about this book. It was probably written in the early spring of the year 58, which was one thousand nine hundred forty-four years ago. Paul wrote this book from Corinth, during his third missionary journey, and when he wrote the book, he had not yet been in Rome. He would visit Rome 2 or 3 years later. He was imprisoned and killed in Rome.

Let's read verse 1 of Romans 1:

Romans 1: (1) Paul, a slave of Jesus Christ, a called apostle, separated to the gospel of God,

The first thing we see here is the author, Paul. Paul was about 55 years old and had been a Christian for about 20 years when he wrote this epistle. Sometimes we forget that Paul was a contemporary of Jesus when Jesus walked the earth. Paul was in his early 20's when Jesus was crucified. He was converted in his mid-30's. According to historians, Paul was less than five feet tall, had crooked legs, was bald, was nearsighted, and couldn't speak very well. And we can see a hint of this in 2 Corinthians 10:10:

2 Corinthians 10: (10) Because, they say, the letters [are] weighty and strong, but the bodily presence [is] weak, and [his] speech being despised.

It seems as if people who had read Paul's powerful letters were surprised when they met him because of his weak appearance. When people think of "Paul the Apostle," they imagine this great warrior-like figure who could withstand any physical blows that might come his way. What they found was that Paul was a small, unimposing, awkward-looking man. This should tell us something, shouldn't it? We are not to judge by outward appearance. Looks don't mean a thing. Having a big, powerful body doesn't mean a thing. When you see those big athletes in the media, don't envy them. Don't desire to be just like them. We can appreciate their skills and can work to have athletic skills, but that all means nothing when it comes to spiritual things. We should desire to be like Paul. Let's turn to Philippians 3:17:

Philippians 3: (17) Be fellow-imitators of me, brothers, and consider those walking this way, even as you have us [for] a pattern.

Paul puts himself forth as someone to be imitated. We are commanded to be imitators of Paul. Imitators of PAUL? That tiny weak-looking man? YES. And it's not talking about outward appearance. We are to be imitators of Paul's spiritual life. Paul was a bold, zealous, devout, knowledgeable man who believed that the atoning blood and imputed righteousness of Christ was his only ground of salvation, from regeneration to final glory. He gloried in the cross of Christ alone. He spoke out forcefully against heretics and even named names. He rebuked fellow Christians. He was full of love for his brothers in Christ. He loved God's gospel and God's people. He used logic to argue his points. He encouraged others to love and good deeds. And I could go on. We are to be like him. As we read through the book of Romans, let us keep in mind that we are to be imitators of Paul. And when we read his other epistles or read the book of Acts, let us also keep in mind that we are to be imitators of Paul. Paul wrote in Galatians 5:12, "I would that the [ones] causing you to doubt will cut themselves off." We are to imitate Paul's attitude toward the false religionists. Paul wrote in Philippians 1:3-5, "I thank my God on all the remembrance of you, always in my every prayer on your behalf making [my] prayer with joy over your fellowship in the gospel, from [the] first day until now." We are to imitate Paul's attitude toward his brothers and sisters in Christ. Paul said in 2 Corinthians 5:21, "For He made [Him] who knew no sin [to be] sin for us, that we might become [the] righteousness of God in Him." We are to imitate Paul's doctrine. And on and on we could go.

This book was written to the saints in Rome, as we see in verse 7. It was no coincidence that this book was written to the saints in a city that would be the birthplace of the damnable heresy of Roman Catholicism. In fact, we can see in many places in this epistle where Paul demolishes Roman Catholic notions. And in demolishing Roman Catholic notions, he demolishes Arminian notions, since Arminianism is just an offshoot of Roman Catholicism. Think about it -- the most systematic and comprehensive theology in the Bible was originally addressed to Christians in Rome. We can see God's plan at work as He puts forth the true gospel that completely refutes the heresy of the false Roman church. Roman Catholics should read Romans. If God opens their eyes, they'll find out that what the Roman Christians believed is not what the Roman Catholics believe.

What I'd like to do right now is to read straight through the book of Romans. In order for us to study this book, we need to first read it in its entire context. The book was not originally divided into chapters and verses; it was and is just one letter. In this letter, Paul develops his points in a very clear and systematic way, and it can be clearly seen in a straight read-through. This will be the remainder of the sermon today. Listen to this as if you were listening to a sermon. The doctrine contained in this book is precious and essential. And remember, this is God speaking. Paul the apostle was inspired by the Holy Spirit to write these words. These are PERFECT words. There is NO ERROR in them. Let us listen, and may God's Spirit impress these words into our minds:

Romans 1: (1) Paul, a slave of Jesus Christ, a called apostle, separated to the gospel of God, (2) which He promised before through His prophets in [the] holy Scriptures, (3) concerning His Son who came of the seed of David according to flesh, (4) who was marked out [the] Son of God in power, according to [the] Spirit of holiness, by [the] resurrection of [the] dead, Jesus Christ our Lord; (5) by whom we received grace and apostleship to obedience of faith among all the nations, for His name's sake, (6) among whom are you also, called-out [ones] of Jesus Christ; (7) to all those who are in Rome, beloved of God, called-out saints: Grace and peace to you from God our Father and [the] Lord Jesus Christ. (8) First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of in all the world. (9) For God is my witness, whom I serve in my spirit in the gospel of His Son, how without ceasing I make mention of you (10) always at my prayers, beseeching if by any means now at length I shall be blessed by the will of God to come to you. (11) For I long to see you, that I may impart some spiritual gift to you, for the establishing of you; (12) and this is to be comforted together among you, through the faith in one another, both yours and mine. (13) But I do not wish you to be ignorant, brothers, that often I purposed to come to you, and was kept back until the present, that I might have some fruit among you also, even as among the other nations. (14) I am a debtor both to Greeks and to foreigners, both to wise, and to foolish, (15) so as far as [lies] in me, I am eager to preach the gospel to you in Rome also. (16) For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is [the] power of God to salvation to everyone believing, both to Jew first, and to Greek; (17) for in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; even as it has been written, "But the just shall live by faith." (18) For God's wrath is revealed from Heaven on all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, holding the truth in unrighteousness, (19) because the thing known of God is clearly known within them, for God revealed [it] to them. (20) For the unseen things of Him from [the] creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things made, both His eternal power and Godhead, for them to be without excuse. (21) Because knowing God, they did not glorify Him as God, nor were thankful. But [they] became vain in their reasonings, and their undiscerning heart was darkened. (22) Professing to be wise, they became foolish (23) and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into a likeness of an image of corruptible man, and of birds, and four-footed animals, and creeping things. (24) Because of this, God gave them up to impurity in the lusts of [their] hearts, their bodies to be dishonored among themselves, (25) who changed the truth of God into the lie, and worshiped and served the created thing more than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen. (26) Because of this, God gave them up to dishonorable passions, for even their females changed the natural use to that contrary to nature. (27) And likewise, the males also forsaking the natural use of the female burned in their lust toward one another, males with males working out shamefulness, and receiving back within themselves the reward which was fitting for their error. (28) And even as they did not think fit to have God in [their] knowledge, God gave them up to a reprobate mind, to do the things not right, (29) having been filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, iniquity, covetousness, malice, [being] full of envy, murder, quarrels, deceit, evil habits, [becoming] whisperers, (30) slanderers, God-haters, insolent, proud, braggarts, devisers of evil things, disobedient to parents, (31) without discernment, covenant breakers, without natural affection, unforgiving, unmerciful, (32) who knowing the righteous order of God, that those practicing such things are worthy of death, not only do them, but also approve those practicing [them].

Romans 2: (1) Therefore, O man, you are without excuse, everyone who judges, for in that in which you judge the other, you condemn yourself; for you, those judging, practice the same things. (2) But we know that the judgment of God is according to truth on those that practice such things. (3) And, O man, the [one] judging those practicing such things, and doing them, do you think that you will escape the judgment of God? (4) Or do you despise the riches of His kindness, and the forbearance and the long-suffering, not knowing that the kindness of God leads you to repentance? (5) But according to your hardness and your impenitent heart, do you treasure up to yourself wrath in a day of wrath, and revelation of a righteous judgment of God? (6) [He] "will give to each according to his works:" (7) everlasting life truly to those who with patience [in] good work seeking glory and honor and incorruptibility; (8) but to the [ones] truly disobeying the truth out of self-interest, and obeying unrighteousness, [will be] anger and wrath, (9) trouble and pain on every soul of man that works out evil, both of Jew first, and of Greek. (10) But glory and honor and peace [will be] to everyone working out good, both to [the] Jew first, and to [the] Greek. (11) For there is no respect of persons with God. (12) For as many as sinned without Law will also perish without Law. And as many as sinned within Law will be judged through Law. (13) For not the hearers of the Law are just with God, but the doers of the Law shall be justified. (14) For when nations not having Law do by nature the things of the Law, they not having Law are a law to themselves, (15) who show the work of the Law written in their hearts, their conscience witnessing with [them], and the thoughts between one another accusing or even excusing, (16) in a day when God judges the hidden things of men, according to my gospel, through Jesus Christ. (17) Behold, you are called a Jew, and rest in the Law, and boast in God, (18) and know the will, and approve the things excelling, being instructed out of the Law, (19) and persuading yourself to be a guide of blind ones, a light to those in darkness, (20) an instructor of foolish ones, a teacher of infants, having the form of knowledge and of the truth in the Law. (21) Then the [one] teaching another, do you not teach yourself? The [one] preaching not to steal, do you steal? (22) The [one] saying not to commit adultery, do you commit adultery? The [one] detesting the idols, do you rob temples? (23) [You] who boast in Law, do you dishonor God through transgression of the Law? (24) For the name of God is blasphemed among the nations through you, even as it has been written: (25) For indeed circumcision profits if you practice [the] Law, but if you are a transgressor of Law, your circumcision becomes uncircumcision. (26) If, then, the uncircumcision keeps the ordinances of the Law, [will] not his uncircumcision be counted for circumcision? (27) And will [not] the uncircumcision by nature [by] completing the Law judge you, the [one who] through letter and circumcision [becomes] transgressor of Law? (28) For he is not a Jew that [is one] outwardly, nor [is] circumcision that outwardly in flesh; (29) but he [is] a Jew that [is one] inwardly, and circumcision [is] of heart, in spirit, not in letter; of whom the praise [is] not from men, but from God.

Romans 3: (1) What then [is] the superiority of the Jew? Or what the profit of circumcision? (2) Much every way. For first, indeed, that they were entrusted with the Words of God. (3) For what if some did not believe? [Will] not their unbelief nullify the faith of God? (4) Let it not be! But let God be true, and every man a liar; even as it has been written, "That You should be justified in Your words, and will overcome in Your being judged." (5) But if our unrighteousness commends the righteousness of God, what shall we say? [Is] God unrighteous who lays on wrath? I speak according to man. (6) Let it not be! Otherwise, how will God judge the world? (7) For if in my lie the truth of God abounded to His glory, why am I yet judged as a sinner? (8) And not (as we are wrongly accused, and as some report us to say), Let us do bad things so that good things may come, [the] judgment of whom is just. (9) What then? Do we excel? Not at all! For we have charged both Jews and Greeks before, all [with] being under sin; (10) according as it has been written, "[There is] not a righteous [one], not even one!" (11) "[There is] not [one] understanding; [there is] not [one] seeking God." (12) All turned away, [they] became worthless together, not [one] is doing goodness, not so much as one!" (13) "Their throat [is] a tomb being opened;" "they used deceit with their tongues; [the] poison of asps [is] under their lips; (14) whose mouth [is] full of cursing and bitterness. (15) Their feet [are] swift to shed blood; (16) ruin and misery [are] in their way; (17) and they did not know a way of peace; (18) there is no fear of God before their eyes." (19) But we know that whatever the Law says, it speaks to those within the Law, so that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world be under judgment to God. (20) Because by works of Law not one of all flesh will be justified before Him, for through Law [is] full knowledge of sin. (21) But now a righteousness of God has been revealed apart from Law, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, (22) even the righteousness of God through faith of Jesus Christ toward all and upon all those believing; for there is no difference, (23) for all sinned and fall short of the glory of God, (24) being justified freely by His grace through the redemption in Christ Jesus, (25) whom God set forth [as] a propitiation through faith in His blood, as a demonstration of His righteousness through the passing over of the sins that had taken place before, in the forbearance of God, (26) for a demonstration of His righteousness in the present time, for His being just and justifying the [one] that [is] of the faith of Jesus. (27) Then where [is] the boasting? It was excluded. Through what law? Of works? No, but through a Law of faith. (28) Then we conclude a man to be justified by faith without works of Law. (29) Or [is He] the God of Jews only, and not also of the nations? Yes, of the nations also, (30) since [it is] one God who will justify circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith. (31) Then [is] the Law annulled through faith? Let it not be! But we establish Law.

Romans 4: (1) What then shall we say our father Abraham to have found according to flesh? (2) For if Abraham was justified by works, he has a boast, but not with God. (3) For what does the Scripture say? "And Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him for righteousness." (4) Now [to one] working, the reward is not counted according to grace, but according to debt. (5) But to the [one] not working, but believing on Him justifying the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. (6) Even as also David says of the blessedness of the man to whom God counts righteousness apart from works: (7) "Blessed [are those] whose lawlessnesses are forgiven, and whose sins are covered; (8) blessed [the] man to whom [the] Lord will in no way charge sin." (9) [Is] this blessedness then on the circumcision, or also on the uncircumcision? For we say the faith "was counted to Abraham for righteousness." (10) How then was it counted? Being in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision! (11) And he received a sign of circumcision [as] a seal of the righteousness of faith [while] in uncircumcision, for him to be a father of those believing through uncircumcision, for righteousness to be counted to them also, (12) and a father of circumcision to those not of circumcision only, but also to those walking in the steps of the faith of our father Abraham during uncircumcision. (13) For the promise [was] not through Law to Abraham, or to his seed, [for] him to be the heir of the world, but through a righteousness of faith. (14) For if those of Law [are] heirs, faith has been made of no effect, and the promise has been annulled. (15) For the Law works out wrath; for where no law is, neither [is] transgression. (16) On account of this, [it is] of faith, that [it be] according to grace, for the promise to be certain to all the seed, not to that of the Law only, but also to that of [the] faith of Abraham, who is father of us all, (17) according as it has been written, "I have appointed you a father of many nations;" before God, whom he believed, the [One] making the dead live, and calling the things that are not as [if] they were. (18) [He] against hope believed in hope, for him to become a father of many nations, according to what has been said, "So shall your seed be." (19) And being about a hundred years [old], not weakening in faith, he did not consider his body to have died already, nor yet the death of Sarah's womb, (20) and did not stagger by unbelief at the promise of God, but was empowered by faith, giving glory to God, (21) and being fully persuaded that what He has promised, He is also able to do. (22) Because of this, "it was also counted to him for righteousness." (23) But it was not written for him only, that it was counted to him, (24) but also on account of us, to whom it is about to be counted, to the ones believing on Him who has raised our Lord Jesus from [the] dead, (25) who was delivered because of our deviations, and was raised because of our justification.

Romans 5: (1) Then being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, (2) through whom also we have had access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and we glory on the hope of the glory of God. (3) And not only so, but we glory also in afflictions, knowing that affliction works out patience, (4) and patience [works out] proven character; and proven character, hope. (5) And the hope does not put [us] to shame, because the love of God has been poured out in our hearts through [the] Holy Spirit given to us; (6) for we yet being without strength, in due time Christ died for ungodly ones. (7) For with difficulty one will die for a just one, (for perhaps one even dares to die for the sake of the good one), (8) but God commends His love to us in [this], that we being yet sinners, Christ died for us. (9) Much more then, being justified now by His blood, we shall be saved from the wrath through Him. (10) For if [while] being enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by His life; (11) and not only [so], but also glorying in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we now received the reconciliation. (12) Because of this, even as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, so also death passed to all men, inasmuch as all sinned. (13) For sin was in [the] world until Law, but sin is not charged [where] there is no law; (14) but death reigned from Adam until Moses, even on those who had not sinned in the likeness of Adam's transgression, who is a type of the coming [One]. (15) But the free gift [is] not also like the deviation. For if by the deviation of the one the many died, much more the grace of God, and the gift in grace, which [is] of the one Man, Jesus Christ, did abound to the many. (16) And the gift [is] not as by one having sinned; for indeed the judgment [was] of one to condemnation, but the free gift [is] of many deviations to justification. (17) For if by the deviation of the one death reigned through the one, much more those who are receiving the abundance of grace and the gift of righteousness shall rule in life by the One, Jesus Christ. (18) So then, as through one deviation [it was] toward all men to condemnation, so also through one righteous act toward all men to justification of life. (19) For as through the one man's disobedience the many were constituted sinners, so also through the obedience of the One the many shall be constituted righteous. (20) But Law came in besides, that the deviation might abound. But where sin abounded, grace much more abounded, (21) that as sin ruled in death, so also grace might rule through righteousness to everlasting life, through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Romans 6: (1) What then shall we say? Shall we continue in sin that grace may abound? (2) Let it not be! We who died to sin, how shall we still live in it? (3) Or are you ignorant that all who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into His death? (4) Therefore, we were buried with Him through baptism into death, that as Christ was raised up from [the] dead by the glory of the Father, so also we should walk in newness of life. (5) For if we have been joined together in the likeness of His death, so also shall we be in the resurrection, (6) knowing this, that our old man was crucified with [Him], that the body of sin might be nullified, so that we no longer serve sin. (7) For the [one] that died has been justified from sin. (8) But if we died with Christ, we believe that also we shall live with Him, (9) knowing that Christ being raised from [the] dead dies no more; death no longer lords it over Him. (10) For in that He died, He died to sin once for all; but in that He lives, He lives to God. (11) So also you count yourselves to be truly dead to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus our Lord. (12) Then do not let sin reign in your mortal body, to obey it in its lusts. (13) Neither present your members [as] instruments of unrighteousness to sin, but present yourselves to God as [one] living from [the] dead, and your members instruments of righteousness to God. (14) For your sin shall not lord it over you, for you are not under Law, but under grace. (15) What then? Shall we sin because we are not under Law, but under grace? Let it not be! (16) Do you not know that to whom you present yourselves [as] slaves for obedience, you are slaves to whom you obey, whether of sin to death, or obedience to righteousness? (17) But thanks [be] to God that you were slaves of sin, but you obeyed from [the] heart the form of doctrine to which you were delivered. (18) And having been set free from sin, you were enslaved to righteousness. (19) I speak as a man on account of the weakness of your flesh. For as you presented your members [as] slaves to uncleanness and to lawless act unto lawless act, so now yield your members as slaves to righteousness unto sanctification. (20) For when you were slaves of sin, you were free as to righteousness. (21) Therefore what fruit did you have then [in the things] over which you are now ashamed? For the end of those things [is] death. (22) But now having been set free from sin, and having been enslaved to God, you have your fruit unto sanctification, and the end everlasting life. (23) For the wages of sin [is] death, but the gift of God [is] everlasting life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Romans 7: (1) Or are you ignorant, brothers, (for I speak to those knowing Law), that the Law lords it over the man for as long a time as he lives? (2) For the married woman was bound by Law to the living husband; but if the husband dies, she is set free from the Law of the husband. (3) So then, [if] the husband [is] living, she will be called an adulteress if she becomes another man's. But if the husband dies, she is free from the Law, [so as for] her not to be an adulteress [by] becoming another man's. (4) So that, my brothers, you also were made dead to the Law through the body of Christ, for you to become Another's, to [the One] raised from [the] dead, so that we may bear fruit to God. (5) For when we were in the flesh, the passions of sin were working in our members through the Law for the bearing of fruit unto death. (6) But now we have been set free from the Law, having died [to that] in which we were held, so as [for] us to serve in newness of spirit, and not [in] oldness of letter. (7) What shall we say then? [Is] the Law sin? Let it not be! But I did not know sin except through Law; for also I did not know lust except the Law said, "You shall not lust." (8) But sin taking occasion through the commandment worked every lust in me; for apart from Law, sin [is] dead. (9) And I was alive apart from Law once, but the commandment came, and sin came alive, and I died. (10) And the commandment which [was] to life, this was found [to be] death to me; (11) for sin taking occasion through the commandment deceived me, and through it killed [me]. (12) So indeed the Law [is] holy, and the commandment holy and just and good. (13) Then that [which is] good, [has it] become death to me? Let it not be! But sin, that it might appear [to be] sin, having worked out death to me through the good, in order that sin might become excessively sinful through the commandment. (14) For we know that the Law is spiritual, but I am fleshly, having been sold under sin. (15) For what I work out, I do not know. For what I do not will, this I do. But what I hate, this I do. (16) But if I do what I do not will, I agree with the Law, that [it is] good. (17) But now I no longer work it out, but the sin dwelling in me. (18) For I know that in me, that is in my flesh, dwells no good. For to will is present to me, but to work out the good I do not find. (19) For what good I desire, I do not do. But the evil I do not desire, this I do. (20) But if I do what I do not desire, [it is] no longer I working it out, but the sin dwelling in me. (21) I find then the law, [when] I desire to do the right, that evil is present with me. (22) For I delight in the Law of God according to the inward man; (23) but I see another law in my members having warred against the law of my mind, and taking me captive by the law of sin being in my members. (24) O wretched man [that] I [am]! Who shall deliver me from the body of this death? (25) I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then I myself with the mind truly serve [the] Law of God, and [with] the flesh [the] law of sin.

Romans 8: (1) [There is] therefore now no condemnation to those in Christ Jesus, who do not walk according to flesh, but according to Spirit. (2) For the Law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus set me free from the law of sin and of death. (3) For the Law [being] powerless, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending His own Son in [the] likeness of sinful flesh, and concerning sin, condemned sin in the flesh, (4) so that the righteous demand of the Law might be fulfilled in us, those not walking according to flesh, but according to Spirit. (5) For the ones that are according to flesh mind the things of the flesh. And the ones according to Spirit [mind] the things of the Spirit. (6) For the mind of the flesh [is] death, but the mind of the Spirit [is] life and peace; (7) because the mind of the flesh [is] enmity towards God; for it is not being subjected to the Law of God, for neither can it [be]. (8) And those being in the flesh are not able to please God. (9) But you are not in flesh, but in Spirit, since [the] Spirit of God dwells in you. But if anyone has not [the] Spirit of Christ, this one is not His. (10) But if Christ [is] in you, the body indeed [is] dead because of sin, but the Spirit [is] life because of righteousness. (11) But if the Spirit of the [One] having raised Jesus from [the] dead dwells in you, the [One] having raised the Christ from [the] dead will also make your mortal bodies live through the indwelling of His Spirit in you. (12) So, then, brothers, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live according to flesh, (13) for if you live according to flesh, you are going to die. But if by [the] Spirit you put to death the practices of the body, you will live. (14) For as many as are led by [the] Spirit of God, these are sons of God. (15) For you did not receive a spirit of slavery again to fear, but you received a Spirit of adoption by which we cry, Abba! Father! (16) The Spirit Himself witnesses with our spirit that we are children of God. (17) And if children, also heirs; truly heirs of God, and joint-heirs of Christ, if indeed we suffer together, that we may also be glorified together. (18) For I calculate that the sufferings of the present time [are] not worthy [to compare to] the coming glory to be revealed in us. (19) For the earnest expectation of the creation eagerly awaits the revelation of the sons of God. (20) For the creation was not willingly subjected to vanity, but through Him subjecting [it], on hope; (21) that also the creation will be freed from the slavery of corruption to the freedom of the glory of the children of God. (22) For we know that all the creation groans together and travails together until now. (23) And not only [so], but also we ourselves having the firstfruit of the Spirit, also we ourselves groan within ourselves, eagerly expecting adoption, the redemption of our body; (24) for we were saved by hope, but hope being seen is not hope; for what anyone sees, why does he also hope? (25) But if we hope for what we do not see, through patience we wait eagerly. (26) And likewise the Spirit also joins in to help our weaknesses. For we do not know what we should pray as we ought, but the Spirit Himself intercedes on our behalf with groanings that cannot be uttered. (27) But the [One] searching the hearts knows what [is the] mind of the Spirit, because He petitions on behalf of [the] saints according to God. (28) But we know that [to] the [ones] loving God all things work together for good, [to] those being called according to purpose; (29) because whom He foreknew, He also predestinated [to be] conformed to the image of His Son, for Him to be [the] First-born among many brothers. (30) But whom He predestinated, these He also called; and whom He called, these He also justified; and whom He justified, these He also glorified. (31) What then shall we say to these things? If God [be] for us, who [can be] against us? (32) Truly [He] who did not spare His own Son, but gave Him up on behalf of us all, how will He not freely give all things to us with Him? (33) Who will bring any charge against God's elect? God [is] the [One] justifying! (34) Who [is he] condemning? [It is] Christ who has died, but rather also [is] raised, who also is at [the] right [hand] of God, who also makes intercession on our behalf. (35) Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? [Shall] tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or danger, or sword? (36) Even as it has been written, "For Your sake we are killed all the day; we are counted as sheep of slaughter." (37) But in all these things we more than conquer through Him loving us. (38) For I am persuaded that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor rulers, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, (39) nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus, our Lord.

Romans 9: (1) I tell [the] truth in Christ, I do not lie, my conscience bearing witness with me in [the] Holy Spirit, (2) that my grief is great, and a never ceasing pain [is] in my heart, (3) for I myself was wishing to be a curse from Christ for the sake of my brothers, my kinsmen according to flesh, (4) who are Israelites, whose [are] the adoption and the glory, and the covenants, and the Lawgiving, and the service, and the promises; (5) whose [are] the fathers, and from whom [is] the Christ according to flesh, He being God over all, blessed forever. Amen. (6) Not, however, that God's Word has failed. For not all those of Israel [are] Israel, (7) nor because they are Abraham's seed [are] all children, but "In Isaac a Seed shall be called to you." (8) That is: Not the children of flesh [are] children of God, but the children of the promise [are] counted for a seed. (9) For the Word of promise [is] this, "According to this time I will come, and a son will be to Sarah." (10) And not only so, but also Rebekah conceiving of one, our father Isaac, (11) for [the children] not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of the [One] calling, (12) it was said to her, "The greater shall serve the lesser;" (13) even as it has been written, "I loved Jacob, and I hated Esau." (14) What then shall we say? [Is there] not unrighteousness with God? Let it not be! (15) For He said to Moses, "I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy, and I will pity whomever I will pity." (16) So, then, [it is] not of the [one] willing, nor of the [one] running, but of the [One] showing mercy, of God. (17) For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, "For this very thing I raised you up, so that I might display My power in you, and so that My name might be publicized in all the earth." (18) So, then, to whom He desires, He shows mercy. And to whom He desires, He hardens. (19) You will then say to me, Why does He yet find fault? For who has resisted His will? (20) Yes, rather, O man, who are you answering against God? Shall the thing formed say to the [One] forming [it], Why did You make me like this? (21) Or does not the potter have authority over the clay, out of the one lump to make one vessel to honor, and one to dishonor? (22) But if God, desiring to demonstrate His wrath, and to make His power known, endured in much long-suffering vessels of wrath having been fitted out for destruction, (23) and that He make known the riches of His glory on vessels of mercy which He before prepared for glory, (24) whom He also called, not only us, of Jews, but also out of nations. (25) As also He says in Hosea, I will call those Not My people, My people! And those not beloved, Beloved! (26) "And it shall be, in the place where it was said to them, You are not My people, there they will be called, "Sons of the Living God." (27) But Isaiah cries on behalf of Israel, "If the number of the sons of Israel be as the sand of the sea, the remnant will be saved." (28) For [He is] bringing [the] matter to an end, and having been cut short "in righteousness," "because [the] Lord" "will do a thing cut short" "on the earth." (29) And as Isaiah has said before, "Except [the] Lord of hosts left a seed to us, we would have become as Sodom, and we would have become as Gomorrah." (30) What then shall we say? That [the] nations not following after righteousness have taken on righteousness, but a righteousness of faith; (31) but Israel following after a Law of righteousness did not arrive at a Law of righteousness? (32) Why? Because [it was] not of faith, but as of works of Law. For they stumbled at the Stone-of-stumbling, (33) as it has been written, "Behold, I place in" "Zion a Stone-of-stumbling," "and a Rock-of-offense," "and everyone believing on Him will not be shamed."

Romans 10: (1) Brothers, truly my heart's pleasure and supplication to God on behalf of Israel is for [it] to be saved. (2) For I testify to them that they have zeal to God, but not according to knowledge. (3) For being ignorant of the righteousness of God, and seeking to establish their own righteousness, they did not submit to the righteousness of God. (4) For Christ [is] the end of Law for righteousness to everyone that believes. (5) For Moses writes [of] the righteousness [which is] of the Law: "The man doing these things shall live by them." (6) But the righteousness of faith says this: "Do not say in your heart, Who will go up into Heaven?" (that is, to bring down Christ); (7) or, "Who will go down into the abyss?" (that is, to bring Christ up from [the] dead.) (8) But what does it say? "The Word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart" (that is, the Word of faith which we proclaim) (9) Because if you confess [the] Lord Jesus with your mouth, and believe in your heart that God raised Him from [the] dead, you will be saved. (10) For with [the] heart [one] believes unto righteousness, and with [the] mouth [one] confesses unto salvation. (11) For the Scripture says, "Everyone believing on Him will not be put to shame." (12) For there is no difference both of Jew and of Greek, for the same Lord of all is rich toward all the ones calling on Him. (13) For everyone, "whoever may call on the name of [the] Lord will be saved." (14) How then may they call on [One] into whom they have not believed? And how may they believe [One] of whom they have not heard? And how may they hear without preaching? (15) And how may they preach if they are not sent? Even as it has been written, "How beautiful" "the feet of those preaching the gospel of peace, of those preaching the gospel of good things." (16) But not all obeyed the gospel, for Isaiah says, "Lord, who has believed our report?" (17) Then faith [is] of hearing, and hearing through the Word of God. (18) But I say, Did they not hear? Yes, rather, "into all the earth their voice went out, and to the ends of the world their words." (19) But I say, Did not Israel know? First, Moses says, "I will provoke you to jealousy by a non-nation, by an unwise nation I will anger you." (20) But Isaiah [is] very bold and says, "I was found by those not seeking Me; I became known to those not inquiring after Me." (21) But to Israel He says, "All the day I stretched out My hands to a disobeying and contradicting people."

Romans 11: (1) I say then, Did not God thrust away His people? Let it not be! For I also am an Israelite, out of Abraham's seed, of [the] tribe of Benjamin. (2) "God did not thrust away His people" whom He foreknew. Or do you not know what the Scripture said in Elijah, how he pleaded with God against Israel, saying, (3) Lord, "they killed Your prophets," "and they dug down Your altars," "and only I am left, and they seek my life." (4) But what does the Divine answer say to him, "I reserved to Myself seven thousand men who did not bow a knee to Baal." (5) So then, also in the present time a remnant according to election of grace has come into being. (6) But if by grace, no longer [is it] of works; else grace no longer becomes grace. But if of works, it is no longer grace; else work is no longer work. (7) What then? What Israel seeks, this it did not obtain, but the election obtained [it], and the rest were hardened; (8) even as it has been written, "God gave to them a spirit of slumber, eyes not seeing and ears not hearing" until this day. (9) And David said, "Let their table become for a snare and a trap, and for a stumbling block," and a repayment to them; (10) "let their eyes be darkened, not to see, and their back always bowing." (11) I say, then, Did not they stumble that they fall? Let it not be! But by their slipping away came salvation to the nations, to provoke them to jealousy. (12) But if their slipping away [is the] riches of [the] world, and their default [the] riches of [the] nations, how much more their fullness? (13) For I speak to you, the nations, since I am an apostle of the nations, (I glorify my ministry), (14) if somehow I may provoke to jealousy my flesh, and may save some of them. (15) For if their casting away [is the] reconciliation of [the] world, what [is] the reception, except life from [the] dead? (16) Now if the firstfruit [is] holy, [so] also the lump. And if the root is holy, [so] also the branches. (17) But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive tree were grafted in among them, and became a sharer of the root and the fatness of the olive tree, (18) do not boast against the branches. But if you do boast, [it is] not you [that] bears the root, but the root bears you. (19) You will say then, The branches were broken off that I might be grafted in. (20) Well! For unbelief they were broken off. And you stand by faith. Do not [be] highminded, but fear. (21) For if God did not spare the natural branches, [fear] that it may be He will not spare you either. (22) Behold, then, [the] kindness and severity of God: On those having fallen, severity. But on you, kindness, if you continue in the kindness. Otherwise, you will also be cut off. (23) And those also, if they do not continue in unbelief, will be grafted in. For God is able to graft them in again. (24) For if you were cut out of the natural wild olive [tree], and against nature were grafted into a good olive [tree], how much more these [being] according to nature will be grafted into [their] own olive tree? (25) For I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery, brothers, so that you may not be wise within yourselves, that hardness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness of the nations comes in; (26) and so all Israel will be saved, even as it has been written, "The Deliverer will come out of Zion, and He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob. (27) And this [is] My covenant with them, when I take away their sins." (28) Indeed, as regards the gospel, [ones] hostile [toward] you, but as regards the election, beloved for the sake of the fathers. (29) For the free gifts and the calling of God [are] unregrettable. (30) For as you then also disobeyed God, but now have obtained mercy by the disobedience of these, (31) so also these now have disobeyed, so that they also may obtain mercy by your mercy. (32) For God shut up all into disobedience, that He may show mercy to all. (33) O [the] depth of [the] riches and of [the] wisdom and [the] knowledge of God! How unsearchable [are] His judgments and His ways past finding out! (34) "For who has known the mind of [the] Lord? Or who became His counselor?" (35) "Or who first gave to Him, and it will be repaid to him?" (36) Because of Him, and through Him, and to Him [are] all things. To Him be the glory forever! Amen.

Romans 12: (1) Therefore, brothers, I call on you through the compassions of God to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, pleasing to God, [which is] your reasonable service. (2) And be not conformed to this age, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, in order to prove by you what [is] the good and pleasing and perfect will of God. (3) For through the grace which is given to me, I say to everyone being among you, not to have high thoughts beyond what is right to think. But set your mind to be right-minded, even as God divided a measure of faith to each. (4) For even as we have many members in one body, but all members do not have the same function, (5) so we the many are one body in Christ, and each one members of one another, (6) but having different gifts according to the grace given to us, whether prophecy, according to the proportion of the faith; (7) or ministry, in the ministry; or the [one] teaching, in the teaching; (8) or the [one] exhorting, in the encouragement; the [one] sharing, in simplicity; the [one] taking the lead, in diligence; the [one] showing mercy, in cheerfulness. (9) [Let] love [be] without dissimulation, [in horror] fleeing from evil, cleaving to the good, (10) in brotherly love to one another, loving fervently, having gone before one another in honor; (11) in diligence, not slothful, fervent in spirit, serving the Lord; (12) in hope, rejoicing; in affliction, enduring; in prayer, steadfastly continuing; (13) imparting to the needs of the saints, pursuing hospitality. (14) Bless those persecuting you; bless, and do not curse. (15) Rejoice with rejoicing ones, and weep with weeping ones; (16) minding the same thing toward one another, not minding high things, but yielding to the lowly. Do not become wise within yourselves; (17) returning evil for evil to no one; providing right things before all men. (18) If possible, from you being in peace with all men; (19) not avenging yourselves, beloved, but giving place to wrath, for it has been written, "Vengeance [is] Mine," "I will repay," says [the] Lord. (20) Then "if [one] hostile [to] you hungers, feed him; if he thirsts, give him drink; for doing this you will heap coals of fire on his head." (21) Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome the evil with good.

Romans 13: (1) Let every soul be subject to higher authorities, for there is no authority except from God, but the existing authorities have been ordained by God. (2) So that the [one] resisting authority has opposed the ordinance of God, and the ones opposing will receive judgment to themselves. (3) For the rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the bad. And do you desire not to fear the authority? Do the good, and you will have praise from it; (4) for it is a servant of God to you for the good. But if you practice evil, be afraid; for it does not bear the sword in vain; for it is a servant of God, an avenger for wrath to the [one] practicing bad [things]. (5) Because of this, [it is] necessary to be subject, not only on account of wrath, but also on account of conscience. (6) For on this account you also pay taxes, for [they] are ministers of God, always giving attention to this very thing. (7) Then give to all [their] dues: to the [one due] tax, the tax; to the [one due] tribute, the tribute; to the [one due] fear, the fear; to the [one due] honor, the honor. (8) Do not continue to owe no one, nothing, except to love one another. For the [one] loving the other has fulfilled the Law. (9) For, "Do not commit adultery," "do not murder," "do not steal," do not bear false witness, "do not lust," and if [there is] any other commandment, in this word it is summed up, in the [words], "You shall love your neighbor as yourself." (10) Love does not work evil to the neighbor. Then love [is] the fulfillment of Law. (11) Also this, knowing the time, that [it is] now the hour for you to be aroused from sleep, for now our salvation [is] nearer than when we believed. (12) The night [is] far gone, and the day has drawn near; then let us cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the weapons of the light. (13) Let us walk becomingly, as in [the] day, not in carousings and drunkennesses, not in co-habitation and lustful acts, not in fighting and envy. (14) But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and do not make forethought of the flesh, for [its] lusts.

Romans 14: (1) And receive the [one] who is weak in the faith, not to judgments of [your] thoughts. (2) One indeed believes to eat all things, but being weak, [another] one eats vegetables. (3) The [one] eating, do not despise the [one] not eating. And the [one] not eating, do not judge the [one] eating, for God received him. (4) Who are you judging another's servant? To his own master he stands or falls. But he will stand, for God is able to make him stand. (5) One indeed judges a day above [another] day; and [another] one judges every day [alike]. Let each one be fully assured in his own mind. (6) The [one] minding the day, he minds [it] to [the] Lord. And the [one] not minding the day, he does not mind [it] to [the] Lord. The [one] eating, he eats to [the] Lord; for he gives thanks to God. And the [one] not eating, he does not eat to [the] Lord, and gives thanks to God. (7) For no one of us lives to himself and no one dies to himself. (8) For both if we live, we live to [the] Lord; and if we die, we die to [the] Lord. Then both if we live, and if we die, we are the Lord's. (9) For this Christ both died and rose and lived again, that He might be Lord over both [the] dead and the living. (10) But why do you judge your brother? Or why also do you despise your brother? For all shall stand before the judgment seat of Christ. (11) For it has been written, "[As] I live, says the Lord, that every knee will bow to Me, and every tongue confess to God." (12) So then each one of us will give account concerning himself to God. (13) Then let us no longer judge one another, but rather judge this, not to put a stumbling-block or an offense toward a brother. (14) I know and am persuaded in [the] Lord Jesus that nothing by itself is common; except to the [one] deeming anything to be common, [it is] common. (15) But if your brother is grieved because of [your] food, you no longer walk according to love. Do not by your food destroy that one for whom Christ died. (16) Then do not let your good be spoken evil of. (17) For the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in [the] Holy Spirit. (18) For the [one] serving Christ in these things [is] pleasing to God, and approved by men. (19) So then let us pursue the things of peace, and the things for building up one another. (20) Do not by your food undo the work of God. Truly, all things [are] clean, but [it is] bad to the man who eats through a stumbling-block. (21) [It is] good not to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor [anything] by which your brother stumbles, or is offended, or is weak. (22) Do you have faith? Have [it] to yourself before God. Blessed [is] the [one] not condemning himself in what he approves. (23) But the [one] doubting, if he eats, [he] has been condemned, because it is not of faith; and whatever [is] not of faith is sin.

Romans 15: (1) But we, the strong ones, ought to bear the weaknesses of those not strong, and not to please ourselves. (2) For let each one of us please [his] neighbor for good, to building up. (3) For also Christ did not please Himself, but even as it has been written, "The curses of those cursing You fell on Me." (4) For whatever things were written before were written for our instruction, that through patience and encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope. (5) And may the God of patience and encouragement give to you to mind the same thing among one another according to Christ Jesus, (6) that with one accord [and] with one mouth you may glorify [the] God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. (7) Because of this, receive one another as Christ also received us, to [the] glory of God. (8) And I say, Jesus Christ has become a minister of circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises of the fathers, (9) and for the nations to glorify God for mercy, even as it has been written, "Because of this I will confess to You in the nations, and I will give praise to Your name." (10) And again He says, "Rejoice, nations, with His people." (11) And again, "Praise the Lord, all the nations, and praise Him all the peoples." (12) And again Isaiah says, "The Root of Jesse shall be, and He rising up to rule the nations; on Him nations will hope." (13) And may the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, for you to abound in hope, in power of [the] Holy Spirit. (14) But, my brothers, I myself also am persuaded concerning you, that you yourselves also are full of goodness, being filled with all knowledge, being able to warn one another. (15) But I wrote to you more boldly, brothers, as reminding you in part, because of the grace given to me by God, (16) for me to be a minister of Jesus Christ to the nations, sacredly ministering the gospel of God, that the offering of the nations might be acceptable, sanctified by [the] Holy Spirit. (17) Therefore I have boasting in Christ Jesus [as to] the things pertaining to God. (18) For I will not dare to speak of anything which Christ did not work out through me for [the] obedience of the nations in word and work, (19) in power of [miraculous] signs and wonders, in power of [the] Spirit of God, so as [for] me to have fulfilled [the preaching of] the gospel of Christ from Jerusalem and in a circle as far as Illyricum. (20) And so eagerly striving to preach the gospel where Christ was not named, so that I should not build on another's foundation, (21) but even as it has been written, "They shall see, to whom nothing was announced concerning Him; and the ones that have not heard shall understand." (22) Because of this I also was much hindered from coming to you, (23) but now having no more place in these regions, and having a longing to come to you for many years, (24) whenever I may go into Spain, I will come to you; for I hope [in] traveling through to see you and to be set forward there by you, if first I may be filled of you in part. (25) But now I am going to Jerusalem, doing service to the saints. (26) For Macedonia and Achaia thought it good to make certain gifts to the poor of the saints in Jerusalem. (27) For they thought it good, also being debtors of them; for if the nations shared in their spiritual things, they ought also to minister to them in the fleshly things. (28) Then completing and having sealed this fruit to them, I will go through you into Spain. (29) And I know that I will come to you in the fullness of [the] blessing of the gospel of Christ [when] I come. (30) But I exhort you, brothers, by our Lord Jesus Christ, and by the love of the Spirit, to strive together with me in [your] prayers to God on my behalf, (31) that I be delivered from the disobedient ones in Judea, and that my ministry, which is to Jerusalem, may be acceptable to the saints, (32) that [I may] come to you in joy through [the] will of God, and that I may be refreshed with you. (33) And the God of peace [be] with all of you. Amen.

Romans 16: (1) But I commend our sister Phoebe to you, being a servant of the assembly in Cenchrea, (2) that you may receive her in [the] Lord, [as is] worthy of the saints, and may assist her in whatever thing she may need of you. For she also became a helper of many, and of myself. (3) Greet Priscilla and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus, (4) who laid down their neck for my soul, to whom not only I give thanks, but also all the assemblies of the nations. (5) And [greet] the assembly at their house, and my beloved Epenetus, who is a firstfruit of Achaia for Christ. (6) Greet Mary, who did much labor for us. (7) Greet Andronicus and Junias, my kinsmen and fellow prisoners, noted among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me. (8) Greet Amplias my beloved in [the] Lord. (9) Greet Urbanus, our helper in Christ, and my beloved Stachys. (10) Greet Apelles, the approved in Christ; Greet those of Aristobulus. (11) Greet Herodion, my kinsman. Greet those of Narcissus, those being in [the] Lord. (12) Greet Tryphena and Tryphosa, those laboring in [the] Lord. Greet Persis the beloved, who has labored in many things in [the] Lord. (13) Greet Rufus, the chosen in [the] Lord, and his mother and mine. (14) Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes, and the brothers with them. (15) Greet Philologus and Julias, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints with them. (16) Greet one another with a holy kiss. The assemblies of Christ greet you. (17) And brothers I exhort you to watch those making divisions and causes of stumbling contrary to the doctrine which you learned, and turn away from them. (18) For such ones do not serve our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly, and by smooth speaking and flattering [they] deceive the hearts of those without guile. (19) For your obedience reached to all; therefore, I rejoice over you. But I desire you to be truly wise [as] to good, but simple toward evil. (20) And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ [be] with you. Amen. (21) Timothy, my fellowworker, and Lucius, and Jason, and Sosipater, my kinsmen, greet you. (22) I, Tertius, the [one] writing the epistle, greet you in [the] Lord. (23) Gaius, the host of all the assembly and me, greets you. Erastus, the steward of the city, and Quartus the brother, greet you. (24) The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ [be] with you all. Amen. (25) Now to Him [who is] able to establish you according to my gospel, and the proclaiming of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of [the] mystery having been kept unvoiced during eternal times, (26) but now has been made plain, and by prophetic Scriptures, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known for obedience of faith to all the nations; (27) to [the] only wise God through Jesus Christ, to whom [be] the glory forever. Amen.


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