(from a manuscript of a sermon preached on 1/5/14 at Sovereign Redeemer Assembly)
It’s good to be back in the house of the Lord. Let’s begin by turning to the book of Isaiah and read chapter 59:
Isaiah 59: (1) Behold, the hand of Jehovah is not shortened from saving, and not is His ear heavy from hearing. (2) But your iniquities are coming between you and your God; and your sins have hidden His face from you, from hearing. (3) For your palms are defiled by blood; yea, your fingers with iniquity. Your lips have spoken falsehood; your tongue murmurs perverseness. (4) No one calls for righteousness, and no one judges with truth. Trusting in emptiness, and speaking vanity, they conceive mischief and give birth to iniquity. (5) They hatch adders’ eggs, and weave the spider’s web; he who eats their eggs dies; and that which is crushed hatches out a viper. (6) Their webs shall not become clothing, and they shall not cover themselves with their works. Their works are works of iniquity, and the act of violence [is] in their palms. (7) Their feet run to evil, and they hurry to pour out innocent blood. Thoughts of iniquity [are] their thoughts; wasting and ruin are in their ways. (8) They do not know the way of peace; and no judgment [is] in their tracks. They have made crooked paths for themselves; everyone going in them does not know peace. (9) On account of this, judgment is far from us, and righteousness does not overtake us. We wait for light, but, behold, darkness, for brightness, [but] we walk in gloominess. (10) We grope [for] the wall like the blind [ones], and we grope as if we [had] no eyes; we stumble at noonday as in the twilight, in desolate places like ones dying. (11) We all of us roar like bears, and moaning we moan like doves. We look for judgment, but [there is] none; for salvation, but it is far from us. (12) For our transgressions [are] multiplied before You, and our sins testify against us. For our transgressions are with us, and our iniquities, we know them; (13) transgressing and lying against Jehovah, and backsliding from after our God, speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving and murmuring words of falsehood from the heart. (14) And justce is driven back; and righteousness stands far off; for truth stumbles in the plaza, and straightness is not able to enter. (15) And the truth is lacking; and whoever turns from evil makes himself a prey. And Jehovah saw; and it was evil in His eyes, that [there was] no justice. (16) And He saw that [there was] no man, and He was astonished that [there was] no intercessor. And His own arm saved for Him; and His righteousness, it sustained Him. (17) For He put on righteousness like body armor, and a helmet of salvation on His head. And He put on robes of vengeance [as] clothing; and He put on zeal like a mantle. (18) According to works, so He will repay; fury to His adversaries, recompense to His enemies; He will complete recompense to the isles. (19) And they shall fear Jehovah’s name from the west, and His glory from the rising of the sun. When the foe comes like a flood, the Spirit of Jehovah shall cause him to flee. (20) And the Redeemer comes to Zion, and to those in Jacob who turn back from their transgression, a statement of Jehovah. (21) As for Me, this [is] My covenant with them, says Jehovah: My Spirit who is on You, and My words which I have put in Your mouth, shall not depart out of Your mouth, or out of the mouth of Your seed, or out of the mouth of Your seed’s seed, from now and till forever, says Jehovah.
This chapter talks about the sin of the vast majority of Israel and the salvation of a part of Israel. Notice particularly verses 20 and 21. The first part of verse 20 says, “the Redeemer comes to Zion” in the LITV, but that is a clear mistranslation, as we will see later, the Lord willing. It should be translated, “the Redeemer comes OUT OF” Zion. It is saying that the Redeemer will come out of the Old Testament church, out of Israel – he will be a Jew. The second part of verse 20 says, “to those in Jacob who turn back from their transgression.” The three Hebrew words here are SHOOB PEH-shah yah-ah-KOBE. SHOOB means “to turn from” or “to turn away” or to “turn back.” PEH-shah means “transgression,” and yah-ah-KOBE means “Jacob.” So this phrase is better translated, “to turn back (or to turn away) transgression from Jacob.” Now was transgression turned away from all without exception in the nation of Israel? No, not even close. So the Redeemer did not come for everyone without exception in the nation of Israel. Then Jehovah states what His covenant is with them. Who is the “them” here? Is it every single national Jew without exception? No, in context, it is talking about those who are turned back from their transgression. Now you might have noticed that in the LITV, all the “Yous” and “Yours” are capitalized in this verse. This capitalization is not in the original, and it is in fact an interpretation rather than a translation. The translator thought that “You” and “Your” refer to Christ, which is one interpretation of this passage. But it is not the only interpretation of this passage. So having these words capitalized can actually be misleading. From my studies, I don’t think this is taking about Christ. Now it could be interpreted in an orthodox way as talking about Christ, but I think this is talking about those in Jacob whose transgressions have been turned away and with whom Jehovah has made a covenant. He says that His Spirit is on them, and His words will not depart from their mouth or out of the mouth of their descendants from now and until forever. Now who is the Spirit of God on? Everyone without exception? No, only on God’s people. And who are the people that will have God’s words never depart out of their mouths? Is it all the PHYSICAL descendants of those who have the Spirit of God? No – it has to be talking about the SPIRITUAL descendants of those who have the Spirit of God. Let’s turn to Romans 4 and read verses 11 through 18:
Romans 4: (11) And he received a sign of circumcision [as] a seal of the righteousness of faith, the [one while] in uncircumcision, for him to be a father of all the [ones] believing through uncircumcision, for righteousness to be imputed to them also, (12) and a father of circumcision to the [ones] not of circumcision only, but also to the [ones] walking in the steps of the faith of our father Abraham, the [one he had] during uncircumcision. (13) For the promise [was] not through Law to Abraham, or to his seed, [for] him to be the heir of the world, but through a righteousness of faith. (14) For if the [ones] of Law [are] heirs, faith has been made void, and the promise has been annulled. (15) For the Law works out wrath; for where no law is, neither [is] transgression. (16) Because of this, [it is] of faith, that [it be] according to grace, for the promise to be confirmed to all the seed, not to the [seed] of the Law only, but also to the [one] of [the] faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all, (17) even as it is written, I have appointed you a father of many nations; before God, whom he believed, the [One] making the dead [ones] live, and calling the things not being as [if] being, (18) who beyond hope believed on hope, for him to become a father of many nations, according to what was said, So shall your seed be.
Now let’s turn to Romans 9 and read verses 6 through 8:
Romans 9: (6) [It is] not, however, that God’s Word has failed. For not all the [ones] of Israel, these [are of] Israel, (7) nor because they are Abraham’s seed [are] all children, but In Isaac a Seed shall be called to you. (8) That is: not the children of flesh [are] children of God, but the children of the promise [are] reckoned for a seed.
These verses make it clear that this seed is not a physical, national seed, but a SPIRITUAL seed.
Now let’s turn to Romans 11 and pick up where we left off last time. Let’s read verses 26 and 27:
Romans 11: (26) and so all Israel will be saved, even as it has been written, The [One] delivering will come out of Zion, and He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob. (27) And this [is] My covenant with them, when I take away their sins.
Remember last time when I said that the phrase “all Israel will be saved” means that all the children of the promise, NOT all physical, national Israel, will be saved? Well, what Paul quotes from what we just read in Isaiah 59 shows that this must be what it means. The One delivering will come out of Zion. The Greek word for “out of” is “ex.” “Ex” does not mean “to” – it’s just the opposite. It means “from.” So when there is something very clear in the Greek that references an Old Testament passage, you use the Greek to interpret the word that can mean many things in Hebrew. So we know that the correct Hebrew translation is “out of” or “from.” So the Deliverer will come OUT OF Zion. And what will the Deliverer, the Redeemer, do? Paul says, by inspiration of the Holy Spirit, that “He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob.” This also shows the same principal of interpretation of a Hebrew passage that could have several meanings. We know that the Hebrew means, “He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob.” In verse 27, Paul quotes part of Isaiah 59:21 and then explains what the last part of Isaiah 57:21 means. So where Isaiah, says, “My Spirit who is on you, and My words which I have put in your mouth, or out of the mouth of your seed, or out of the mouth of your seed’s seed, from now and till forever” means “when I take away their sins.”
Now let’s think about this passage in light of the phrase, “all Israel will be saved.” Is God promising that He will turn away ungodliness from, will covenant with, and will take away the sins of every single national Israelite without exception? No. He is promising that all SPIRITUAL Israel will be saved.
Let’s spend the rest of our time today meditating on the Redeemer, the Deliverer, who turns away our ungodliness and takes away our sins. This is talking about the person and the work Jesus Christ.
Jesus Christ is the Redeemer and the Deliverer. To redeem means to buy, to purchase, to pay the ransom price for a possession so as to rescue or deliver that possession. To deliver means to set free or to save. Christ’s redemption and deliverance through His work on the cross fully takes away the sins of every person for whom He died. If even one person for whom He died goes to hell, then He is not a true redeemer and deliverer, and His covenant with them that He will take away their sins is nothing but a lie. But we who are believers know that God’s covenant is a sure and certain promise to save every single one of His people based on the work of Jesus Christ alone, and this covenant has no conditions whatsoever that the sinner must meet. All conditions of the covenant have been met in the person and work of Jesus Christ.
Now let’s read passages from the Psalms and from the book of Isaiah about Jehovah the Redeemer, the Deliverer, the Savior:
Psalm 18: (2) Jehovah [is] my rock and my fortress and my deliverer; [He is] my God, my Rock; I seek refuge in Him; [He is] my shield and the horn of my salvation, my high tower.
Psalm 19: (14) Let the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart be pleasing before You, O Jehovah, my Rock and my Redeemer.
Psalm 32: (7) You [are] my hiding place; You keep me from trouble; You surround [me] with songs of deliverance. Selah.
Psalm 34: (22) Jehovah [is] redeeming the soul of His servants; and none of those who trust in Him shall be guilty.
Psalm 49: (15) Surely God will redeem my soul from the hand of Sheol, for He will take me. Selah.
Psalm 56: (13) For You have delivered my soul from death. [Are You] not [keeping] my feet from falling, to walk before God in the light of the living?
Psalm 71: (23) My lips shall give a ringing cry of joy, for I will sing praise to You; also my soul which you have redeemed.
Psalm 74: (2) Remember Your congregation; You bought [them] of old; You redeemed [us as] the rod of Your inheritance, this Mount Zion in [which] You have dwelt.
Psalm 77: (15) You have redeemed Your people with [Your] arm, the sons of Jacob and Joseph. Selah.
Psalm 85: (2) You have taken away the iniquity of Your people; You covered all of their sins. Selah.
Psalm 102: (19) For He has looked down from the height of His sanctuary; Jehovah looked from Heaven to the earth, (20) to hear the groaning of the prisoner, to set free the sons of death, (21) to declare the name of Jehovah in Zion, and His praise in Jerusalem,
Psalm 103: (2) Bless Jehovah, O my soul, and forget not all His benefits; (3) [He] who forgives all your iniquities; who heals all your diseases; (4) who redeems your life from destruction; who crowns you [with] kindness and tender mercies; (5) who satisfies your desire with good; your youth is renewed like an eagle.
Psalm 130: (7) Let Israel hope to Jehovah, for with Jehovah [is] mercy, and with Him [is] abundant redemption; (8) and He shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities.
Psalm 144: (2) [He is] my mercy and my fortress, my high tower and my deliverer, my shield, and in Him I take refuge, [in Him] who subdues my people under me.
Isaiah 35: (10) And ones being ransomed of Jehovah shall return and enter Zion with a ringing cry [of joy] and [with] everlasting joy on their head; gladness and joy shall reach [them], and sorrow and sighing shall flee.
Isaiah 42: (6) I, Jehovah, have called You in righteousness, and will hold up Your hand, and will keep You, and give You for a covenant of the people, for a Light of the nations; (7) to open the eyes of blind [ones], to lead out the prisoner from the prison; those who sit in darkness from the house of restraint.
Isaiah 43: (1) But now so says Jehovah who created you, O Jacob; and He who formed you, O Israel: Fear not, for I have redeemed you; I called [you] by your name; you [are] to Me. (2) When you pass through the waters, I [will be] with you; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow you. When you walk in the fire, you shall not be burned, and not shall the flame kindle on you. (3) For I [am] Jehovah your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior. I gave Egypt [for] your atonement; Ethiopia and Seba instead of you. … (11) I, I [am] Jehovah; and [there is] no Savior besides Me. (12) I declared, and I saved, and I proclaimed; and there is not an alien [god] among you. And you [are] My witnesses, a statement of Jehovah, and I [am] God. (13) Even from this day I [am] He, and not [one] delivers from My hand. I will work, and who will reverse it? (14) So says Jehovah, your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel: For your sake I have sent to Babylon, and have brought all of them down as [ones] fleeing, even the Chaldeans, [whose] shout [is] in the ships. (15) I [am] Jehovah, your Holy One, the One creating Israel, your King. … (25) I, [even] I, [am] He who blots out your transgressions for My sake; and I will not remember your sins.
Isaiah 44: (22) I have blotted out your transgressions like a cloud; and your sins like a cloud. Turn back to Me, for I have redeemed you. (23) Sing, O heavens, for Jehovah has done [it]. Shout, O lower parts of the earth; burst forth into praise, O mountains. O forest and every tree in it, [sing praise,] because Jehovah has redeemed Jacob, and [He] glorifies Himself in Israel. (24) So says Jehovah, your Redeemer and the One forming you from the womb; I [am] Jehovah who makes all things; stretching out the heavens, I alone spreading out the earth. Who [was] with Me,
Isaiah 45: (17) Israel is saved in Jehovah [with] everlasting salvation. You shall not be ashamed and not disgraced to the forevers of eternity. … (21) Declare and bring near; yea, let them consult together. Who has heard this of old; [who] has told it from then? Is it not I, Jehovah? And there [is] not a god besides, except Me, a just God and a Savior; [there is] not [one] except Me.
Isaiah 49: (7) So says Jehovah, the Redeemer of Israel, His Holy One, to the despised of soul, to the hated of the nation, the servant of rulers, Kings shall see and rise up; [and] rulers shall worship, because of Jehovah who is faithful, and the Holy One of Israel; and He elects You. (8) So says Jehovah: In a favorable time I have answered You, and in a day of salvation I have helped You. And I will preserve You, and give You for a covenant of the people; to establish the earth, to cause to inherit the desolated inheritances; (9) to say to the prisoners, Go out! To those who [are] in darkness, Be revealed. They shall feed in the ways, and their pastures shall be in all barren heights. (10) They shall not hunger and not thirst; and the heat and sun shall not strike them. For He who has mercy on them shall lead them; and He shall guide them by the springs of water. … (26) And I will make [them] eat their own flesh, those who oppress you; and they shall be drunk by their own blood, as with fresh wine. And all flesh shall know that I Jehovah am your Savior and your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.
Isaiah 52: (9) Break out, sing together, waste places of Jerusalem; for Jehovah comforts His people; He has redeemed Jerusalem.
Isaiah 54: (5) For your husband [is] your Maker, Jehovah of Hosts [is] His name; and your Redeemer [is] the Holy One of Israel; He is called the God of all the earth.
Now let’s read from the New Testament about Jesus Christ the Redeemer, the Deliverer, the Savior:
Matthew 1: (21) And she will bear a son, and you shall call His name Jesus, for He shall save His people from their sins.
Matthew 18: (11) For the Son of Man has come to save that which was lost.
Matthew 20: (28) Even as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.
Luke 2: (10) And the angel said to them, Do not fear. For, behold, I proclaim good news to you, a great joy, which will be to all people, (11) because today a Savior, who is Christ [the] Lord, was born to you in [the] city of David.
John 1: (29) [On] the next day, John sees Jesus coming toward him and said, Behold! The Lamb of God, the [One] taking away the sin of the world!
John 10: (9) I am the door. If anyone enters through Me, he will be saved, and will go in, and will go out, and will find pasture.
Acts 5: (31) This One God [has] exalted [as] a Ruler and Savior to His right [hand], to give to Israel repentance and remission of sins.
Acts 13: (23) From the seed of this one, according to promise, God raised up to Israel a Savior, Jesus;
Acts 20: (28) Therefore take heed to yourselves and to all the flock, in which the Holy Spirit placed you [as] overseers, to shepherd the assembly of God which He purchased through [His] own blood.
Romans 3: (24) being justified undeservedly by His grace through the redemption in Christ Jesus,
Romans 5: (8) but God demonstrates His love to us in that we being yet sinners, Christ died for us. (9) Much more then, having been justified now by His blood, we shall be saved from the wrath through Him. (10) For if [while] being hostile [ones] we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life; (11) and not only [so], but also glorying in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we now received the reconciliation.
1 Corinthians 6: (20) You were bought with a price; then glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are of God.
2 Corinthians 1: (9) But we ourselves have the sentence of death in ourselves, that we should not trust on ourselves, but on God, the [One] raising the dead, (10) who delivered us from so great a death, and does deliver; in whom we have hope that He will still deliver [us],
Galatians 1: (3) Grace to you and peace from God [the] Father and our Lord Jesus Christ, (4) who gave Himself for our sins, so that He might deliver us out of the evil age being present, according to the will of our God and Father, (5) to whom [be] the glory unto the ages of the ages. Amen.
Galatians 3: (13) Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us; for it is written, Accursed [is] everyone having been hung on a tree;
Galatians 4: (4) But when the fullness of the time came, God sent forth His Son, becoming of a woman, becoming under Law, (5) that He might redeem the [ones] under Law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.
Colossians 1: (12) giving thanks to the Father, who has made us fit for a share of the inheritance of the saints in light, (13) who delivered us out of the authority of darkness, and transferred [us] into the kingdom of the Son of His love, (14) in whom we have redemption through His blood, the remission of sins;
1 Thessalonians 1: (10) and to await His Son from Heaven, whom He raised from [the] dead [ones], Jesus, the [One] delivering us from the coming wrath.
1 Timothy 1: (15) Faithful [is] the Word and worthy of all acceptance, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, of whom I am chief.
1 Timothy 2: (5) For God [is] one, also [there is] one Mediator of God and of men, [the] Man Christ Jesus, (6) the [One] having given Himself a ransom on behalf of all, the testimony [to be given] in its own time,
2 Timothy 4: (18) And the Lord will deliver me from every wicked work and will save [me] for His heavenly kingdom; to whom [be] the glory to the ages of the ages. Amen.
Titus 2: (13) looking for the blessed hope and appearance of the glory of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ, (14) who gave Himself on our behalf, that He might redeem us from all lawlessness and purify for Himself a people for Himself for possession, zealous of good works.
Titus 3: (4) But when the kindness and love of God our Savior toward man appeared, (5) not out of works in righteousness which we had done, but according to His mercy, He saved us through [the] bathing of regeneration and renewal of [the] Holy Spirit,
Hebrews 2: (14) Therefore since the children have partaken of flesh and blood, in like manner He Himself also shared the same things, that through death He might do away with the [one] having the power of death, this is, the devil; (15) and might set these free, as many as by fear of death were subject to slavery through all the [time] to live.
Hebrews 9: (26) since it was necessary [for] Him to suffer often from [the] foundation of the world. But now once, at the completion of the ages, He has been revealed for putting away of sin through the sacrifice of Himself.
1 Peter 1: (18) knowing that not with corruptible things, silver or gold, were you redeemed from your worthless way of life handed down from [your] fathers, (19) but with precious blood of Christ, as a lamb without blemish and without spot,
1 John 3: (5) And you know that that One was revealed that He might take away our sins, and sin is not in Him.
1 John 4: (14) And we have beheld and bear witness that the Father has sent the Son [as] Savior of the world.
Revelation 5: (9) And they sing a new song, saying, Worthy are You to receive the scroll, and to open its seals, because You were slaughtered, and by Your blood purchased us to God out of every tribe and tongue and people and nation,
So we’ve seen in the Old Testament passages about Jehovah the Redeemer, the Deliverer, and the Savior, and we’ve seen from the New Testament passages about Jesus Christ as the Redeemer, the Deliverer, and the Savior. Jesus Christ is Jehovah.
To close, let’s read Psalm 146:
Psalm 146: (1) Praise Jah; praise Jehovah, O my soul. (2) While I live I will praise Jehovah; I will sing praises to my God while I have being. (3) Put not your trust in nobles, in a son of man, for there is no salvation in him. (4) His breath will go out, he returns to the earth; his thoughts perish in that day. (5) Blessed [is he] who [has] the God of Jacob [for] his help; his hope [is] on Jehovah his God; (6) who made the heavens and the earth, the seas and all that [is] in them; who keeps truth forever; (7) who executes judgment for the oppressed; who gives food to the hungry; Jehovah sets free the prisoners; (8) Jehovah opens [the eyes of] the blind [ones]; Jehovah raises those bowed down; Jehovah loves the righteous [ones]; (9) Jehovah watches over the strangers; He relieves the orphan and the widow, but He warps the way of the wicked [ones]. (10) Jehovah shall reign forever; O Zion, your God, from generation and generation. Praise Jah.