Romans (LXXXVII)

ROMANS 10:1-4 (3)

(from a manuscript of a sermon preached on 10/31/10 at Sovereign Redeemer Assembly)

If you remember from last time, I was debating as to whether or not to preach a second sermon from Romans 10:1-4, and I concluded that I should, because this passage is one of the most central, pivotal, decisive passages in the Bible regarding knowledge, and I wanted to use it as a springboard to preach an entire sermon on the topic of knowledge. But after that second sermon, I was thinking about it, and there's enough material for at least another two sermons, so here we are in our third sermon on this passage. Let's turn to Romans 10 and read verses 1 through 4 again:

Romans 10: (1) Brothers, truly my heart's pleasure and supplication to God on behalf of Israel is for [it] to be saved. (2) For I testify to them that they have zeal to God, but not according to knowledge. (3) For being ignorant of the righteousness of God, and seeking to establish their own righteousness, they did not submit to the righteousness of God. (4) For Christ [is] the end of Law for righteousness to everyone that believes.

I hope you see how important this passage is. Knowledge is so central to what it means to be a believer, a saved person, a Christian. Paul judges certain people to be lost because they lack KNOWLEDGE. And this is how we are to make OUR judgments. And God doesn't leave us in the dark regarding what this knowledge is - He gives us the CONTENT of this knowledge. And this is what lost religionists hate the most. They hate to answer the question, "WHAT knowledge do lost people lack?" Or, put another way, "WHAT are lost people ignorant of?" And when God's Word makes it clear in this passage WHAT knowledge lost people lack, and we merely say what the Bible says, they hate US for just putting forth the plain teaching of the Word of God. In this passage, we see that lost people are ignorant of the RIGHTEOUSNESS OF GOD. We saw in Romans 1:16-17 that the righteousness of God is revealed in the GOSPEL. We saw in Romans 3:21-26 that the righteousness of God is revealed apart from Law and is through the redeeming, propitiating, justifying blood and righteousness of Jesus Christ that shows God to be just to justify the ungodly. As Isaiah 45:21 says, God is a JUST God and a SAVIOR. The gospel reveals how God is both a JUST God and a SAVIOR by saving His people based on the atoning blood and imputed righteousness of Jesus Christ alone. As Romans 10:4 says, Christ is the end of Law for righteousness to everyone that believes. So these people are judged to be lost because they are IGNORANT of the gospel of salvation conditioned on the person and work of Christ alone. Paul also says in verse 3 that in being ignorant of this KNOWLEDGE of the righteousness of God, they are seeking to establish their OWN righteousness and are not submitted to the righteousness of God. If one is IGNORANT of the righteousness of God whereby He justifies the ungodly based on the atoning blood and imputed righteousness of Jesus Christ alone, then one must AUTOMATICALLY be seeking to establish his own righteousness if he wishes to be in favor with God. If one is ignorant of and does not believe the true gospel of salvation conditioned on the work of Jesus Christ alone, and he wants to have fellowship and favor with God and go to heaven, then he must go about establishing a righteousness of his own whereby he believes he is accepted before God. Also, in being ignorant of the righteousness of God and seeking to establish their own righteousness, they are AUTOMATICALLY not submitting to the righteousness of God. For one thing, they can't submit to what they don't know. And secondly, since seeking to establish their own righteousness is antithetical to submitting to the righteousness of God, one cannot submit to God's righteousness and seek to establish one's own righteousness at the same time. It's either grace or works. To be submitted to the righteousness of God is to be truly humble - to see yourself in the light of God's law and justice, to see that you are unable to meet up to the standard that God requires, to see that you are totally unworthy in and of yourself to receive even the least of God's favors, and to believe that your entire salvation, from regeneration to final glory, is conditioned on the atoning blood and imputed righteousness of Jesus Christ alone, totally apart from your works and efforts. This is true submission to the righteousness of God. All who are submitted to the righteousness of God believe that the work of Jesus Christ demanded and ensured the salvation of everyone whom He represented. All who are submitted to the righteousness of God believe that it is the work of Jesus Christ alone that makes the difference between salvation and damnation.

John 8: (32) And you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.

Romans 6: (17) But thanks [be] to God that you were slaves of sin, but you obeyed from [the] heart the form of doctrine to which you were delivered. (18) And having been set free from sin, you were enslaved to righteousness.

John 17: (1) Jesus spoke these things and lifted up His eyes to Heaven, and said, Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son may also glorify You, (2) as You gave to Him authority over all flesh, so that to all which You gave to Him, He may give to them everlasting life. (3) And this is everlasting life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom You have sent.

2 Corinthians 4:3-6 But also if our gospel is being hidden, it has been hidden in those being lost, (4) in whom the god of this age has blinded the thoughts of the unbelieving, [so that] the brightness of the gospel of the glory of Christ who is the image of God, [should] not dawn on them. (5) For we do not proclaim ourselves, but Christ Jesus as Lord, and ourselves your slaves for the sake of Jesus. (6) Because [it is] God who said, Out of darkness Light shall shine, who shone in our hearts to [give the] brightness of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

Now this passage in 2 Corinthians doesn't just talk about what all saved people know; it also talks about what all UNSAVED people do NOT know. And that's where I'd like to take off today. I want to go over passages that describe UNREGENERATE people. Some of these verses will contrast unbelievers with believers. This is going to be one of those sermons where we turn to a lot of verses, so get ready to exercise your fingers. As we read these passages, notice what they say about an unregenerate person's KNOWLEDGE, okay?

Deuteronomy 29: (4) Yet Jehovah has not given to you a heart to know, and eyes to see, and ears to hear, until this day. (5) And I have led you forty years in the wilderness; your garments have not worn out from off you, and your sandal has not worn away off your foot.

Deuteronomy 32: (1) Give ear, O heavens, and I will speak. And hear, O earth, the words of my mouth. (2) My doctrine shall drop as the rain; my speech shall drop down as the dew, as the small rain on the tender plant, and as the showers on the grass; (3) because I will proclaim the name of Jehovah [and] ascribe greatness to our God. (4) [He is] the Rock; His work is perfect. For all His ways are just, a God of faithfulness, and without evil; just and upright [is] He. (5) They have corrupted themselves; [they are] not His sons; [it is] their blemish; [they are] a crooked and perverse generation. (6) Do you thus give back to Jehovah, O foolish and unwise people? Is He not your Father who bought you? [Has not] He made you and established you? (7) Remember the ancient days, consider the years of many generations; ask your father, and he will declare to you, your elders, and they shall say to you; (8) when the Most High divided to the nations their inheritance; when He separated the sons of Adam, He set up the bounds of the peoples, according to the number of the sons of Israel. (9) For Jehovah's portion [is] His people; Jacob is the lot of His inheritance. (10) He found him in a desert land, and in the waste, a howling wilderness. He encircled him [and] cared for him; He guarded him as the pupil of His eye. (11) As the eagle stirs up its nest; it hovers over its young; it spreads out its wings and takes it, and bears it on its wing. (12) Jehovah alone led him, and [there was] no strange god with him. (13) He made him ride on the high places of the earth, so that he might eat the increase of the fields. And He made him suck honey out of the rock, and oil out of the flinty rock; (14) butter from cows, and milk from the flock, with fat from lambs, and rams of the sons of Bashan, and he goats, with the fat of the kidneys of wheat, and of the blood of the grape you shall drink wine. (15) But Jeshurun grew fat, and kicked; you grew fat, thick [and] sated. And he abandoned God who made him, and fell away from the Rock of his salvation. (16) With strange [gods] they moved Him to jealousy; and with idols they provoked Him to anger. (17) They sacrificed to demons [who were] not God, to gods whom they did not know, new ones who came lately. Your fathers had not dreaded them. (18) You forgot the Rock [that] brought you into being and ceased to care for God who formed you. (19) And Jehovah looked and despised [them] because of the provocation of His sons and of His daughters. (20) And He said, I will hide My face from them; I will see what their end [will be]; for they [are] a perverse generation, sons in whom [is] no faithfulness. (21) They made Me jealous with a not-a-god; they made Me angry by their vanities; and I shall make them jealous by a not-a-people; by a foolish nation I shall make them angry. (22) For a fire has been kindled in My anger, and it burns to the lowest Sheol, and consumes the earth and its produce; and sets on fire the foundations of the mountains. (23) I will heap evils on them; I will use up My arrows on them. (24) I will send on them exhaustion by famine, and depletion by burning heat, and bitter destruction, and the teeth of beasts, with the venom of crawling things of the dust. (25) The sword shall bereave from without, and terror from within, both the young man and the virgin, the suckling with the man of gray hairs. (26) I said, I will dash them to pieces; I will make their memory cease from among men; (27) [saying], Were it not the provocation of an enemy I feared, that their foes should judge amiss, that they might not say, Our hand [is] high, and Jehovah has not done all this. (28) For they [are] a nation void of counsel, and no understanding [is] in them. (29) If they were wise, they would understand this; they would consider their latter end. (30) How could one chase a thousand, and two put a myriad to flight, if [it were] not their Rock that sold them, and Jehovah had shut them up? (31) For their rock [is] not our Rock, even our enemies being judges. (32) For their vine [is] of the vine of Sodom, and their grapes of the fields of Gomorrah, grapes of gall; they [have] bitter clusters. (33) Their wine [is] the venom of serpents, and the cruel venom of asps. (34) [Is it] not stored up with Me, sealed in My treasuries? (35) Vengeance and retribution belong to Me; in due time their foot will slip; for the day of their calamity [is] near, and the things prepared are hurrying for them. (36) For Jehovah will bring His people justice; and He shall have compassion on His servants, for He sees that [their] power is gone, and only the imprisoned and abandoned [remain]. (37) And He will say, Where [are] their gods, the rock in which they sought refuge? (38) Who ate the fat of their sacrifices, and drank the wine of their drink offerings? Let them rise up and help you; let it be a hiding place for you. (39) See now that I, I [am] He, and there [is] no other God with Me. I kill, and I keep alive. I wound and I heal, and there [is] no deliverer from My hand. (40) For I lift up My hand to the heavens and say, I live forever! (41) If I have sharpened My glittering sword, and My hand lays hold on judgment, I will render vengeance to My foes, and I will repay those who hate Me. (42) I will make My arrows drunk with blood, and My sword shall devour flesh, with the blood of the slain and of the captives, from the hairy head of the enemy. (43) Rejoice, O nations, of His people; for He shall avenge the blood of His servants, and shall render vengeance to His foes, and shall have mercy on His land [and] His people.

Job 21: (14) And they say to God, Depart from us, for we do not desire the knowledge of Your ways. (15) What [is] the Almighty, that we should serve Him? And what do we profit if we entreat Him?

Psalm 10: (3) For the wicked boasts of his soul's desire, and he has blessed the covetous; he has despised Jehovah. (4) Through pride of his face, the wicked will not seek; there is no God in all of his schemes. (5) His ways are perverted at all times. Your judgments [are] high from his sight; [as for] all distressing him, he puffs at them. (6) He has said in his heart, I shall not be moved! From generation to generation never [will I be] in evil. (7) His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and injury; under his tongue are mischief and vanity. (8) He sits in the hiding places of the villages; in the secret places he murders the innocent; his eyes watch against the poor. (9) He lies in wait secretly like a lion in his den; he lies in ambush to catch the poor; he seizes the poor, drawing him into his net; (10) and [the poor] being crushed, he bows; yea, the poor have fallen by his strong ones. (11) He has said in his heart, God has forgotten; He hides His face; He will not see forever. (12) Arise, O Jehovah! O God, lift up your hand; do not forget the lowly ones. (13) Why does the wicked [one] despise God? He has said in his heart, You will not demand [it].

Psalm 14: (1) The fool has said in his heart, [There is] no God! They acted corruptly; they did hatefully in deeds; there is none doing good. (2) Jehovah looked down from Heaven on the sons of mankind, to see if there were any discerning [and] seeking God: (3) they [have] all turned aside; together they have become filthy; [there is] none doing good, not even one! (4) Have all doers of iniquity not known, eating My people as they eat bread? They have not called on Jehovah.

Psalm 73: (11) And they say, How does God know? And, Is there knowledge in the Most High?

Psalm 79: (6) Pour out Your wrath on the nations who have not known You, and on the kingdoms who have not called on Your name.

Psalm 82: (5) They neither know nor will understand; they walk in darkness; all the foundations of the earth are shaken.

Psalm 92: (6) An animal-like man does not know; a fool does not understand this. (7) When the wicked flourish like grass, and all the evildoers blossom, [it is] for them [to be] destroyed forever.

Psalm 94: (7) Yet they say, The Lord shall not see, nor shall the God of Jacob observe. (8) Understand you beastly ones among the people; yea, you fools, when will you be wise? (9) He who planted the ear, shall He not hear? He who formed the eye, shall He not see? (10) He who chastises the nations, shall He not punish, He who teaches man knowledge?

Psalm 95: (10) For forty years I was disgusted with [this] generation; and I said, They [are] a people who err in heart; and, They do not know My ways, (11) to whom I swore in My anger, They shall not enter into My rest.

Psalm 115: (2) Why do the nations say, Where is their God now? (3) But our God [is] in Heaven; He has done all that He has pleased. (4) Their idols [are] silver and gold, the work of man's hands; (5) they [have] mouths, but they do not speak; they [have] eyes, but they do not see; (6) they [have] ears, but they do not hear; they [have] a nose, but they do not smell; (7) their hands do not feel; their feet do not walk; they do not mutter through their throat. (8) The ones who make them are like them, and everyone trusting in them.

Proverbs 1: (1) The Proverbs of Solomon, son of David, king of Israel: (2) To know wisdom and instruction; to discern the words of understanding; (3) to receive instruction in prudence, justice, and judgment, and uprightness; (4) to give sense to the simple, knowledge and discretion to the young man. (5) The wise hears and increases learning, and the understanding ones gets wise counsel, (6) to understand a proverb and an enigma; the words of the wise, and their acute sayings. (7) The fear of Jehovah [is] the beginning of knowledge; fools despise wisdom and instruction. (8) My son, hear your father's instruction, and do not forsake the law of your mother; (9) for they [shall be] an ornament of grace to your head, and chains for your neck. (10) My son, if sinners lure you, do not be willing. (11) If they say, Walk with us, let us lie in wait for blood, let us secretly lurk for the innocent without cause, (12) let us swallow them up alive as Sheol, and whole, as those who go down [into] the Pit, (13) we shall find all precious goods, we shall fill our houses [with] plunder, (14) cast in your lot among us, one purse shall be to all of us. (15) My son, do not walk in the way with them! Hold back your foot from their path; (16) for their feet run to evil and they haste to shed blood. (17) For in vain the net is spread in the sight of every bird. (18) And they lie in wait for their [own] blood; they lurk secretly for their own souls. (19) So [are] the ways of everyone who gets unjust gain; it takes away its owner's soul. (20) Wisdom cries aloud outside; she gives her voice in the square; (21) she calls at the head of places of commotion; in the opening of the gates, in the city she utters her words: (22) Until when will you love to be simple, you simple ones? And will scorners desire scorn for themselves? And will fools hate knowledge? (23) Turn back at my warning; behold, I will pour out my spirit to you; I will make my words known to you. (24) Because I called, and you refused; I stretch out a hand, and none inclines, (25) but you have ignored all my counsel, and you did not desire my warning. (26) I also will laugh in your calamity, I will mock when your dread comes; (27) when your dread comes like a storm; and your calamity arrives like a tempest, when distress and anguish come on you. (28) Then they shall call on me, and I will not answer; they shall seek me early, but they shall not find me. (29) Instead they hated knowledge and chose not the fear of Jehovah. (30) They did not desire my counsel; they despised all my reproof, (31) and they shall eat of the fruit of their own way and be filled with their own lusts. (32) For the going astray of the simple kills them, and the ease of fools destroys them. (33) But he who listens to me shall live securely and shall be at ease from the dread of evil.

Proverbs 4: (18) But the path of the just [is] as a bright light going on and shining till the day is established. (19) The way of the wicked [is] as darkness; they do not know at what they stumble.

Proverbs 10: (20) The tongue of the just [is] as choice silver; the heart of the wicked [is] as a little. (21) The lips of the righteous feed many, but fools die for lack of heart.

Proverbs 14: (12) There is a way that seems right to a man, but the end of it [is] the ways of death.

Proverbs 19: (2) Also, without knowledge the soul [is] not good, and he who hurries with his feet sins. (3) The foolishness of man overturns his way, and his heart rages against Jehovah.

Proverbs 28: (5) Evil men do not understand justice, but those seeking Jehovah understand all.

Isaiah 1: (3) The ox knows his owner, and the ass his master's manger, [but] Israel does not know; My people have not understood.

Isaiah 5: (12) And the lyre and the harp, the timbrel and flute, and wine are [at] their feasts; but they do not regard the work of Jehovah; yea, they do not see the work of His hands. (13) For this My people go into exile without knowledge, and his men of glory into famine; and his multitude is parched with thirst. (14) So Sheol has enlarged its appetite, and opened its mouth without measure, and her glory and her multitude, and her uproar, he who exults in her, shall come down in it. (15) And man is bowed down, and man is humbled, and the eyes of the proud are humbled. (16) But Jehovah of Hosts is exalted in judgment, and God the Holy One is proven holy in righteousness. (17) Then the lambs shall feed as in their pasture, and strangers shall eat the waste places of the fatlings. (18) Woe to those who draw iniquity with cords of vanity, and sin as with ropes of a cart; (19) who say, Let Him hurry [and] hasten His work, so that we may see; and let the purpose of the Holy One of Israel draw near and come, so that we may know! (20) Woe to those who say to evil, good; and to good, evil; who put darkness for light, and light for darkness; who put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter! (21) Woe to those wise in their own eyes, and discerning in their own sight!

Isaiah 6: (9) And He said, Go and say to this people, Hearing you hear, but do not understand; and seeing you see, but do not know. (10) Make the heart of this people fat, and make his ears heavy, and shut his eyes, that he not see with his eyes, and hear with his ears, and understand with his heart, and turn back, and one heals him.

Isaiah 26: (10) The wicked finds favor; he does not learn righteousness; he deals perversely in the land of honesty, and does not see the majesty of Jehovah.

Isaiah 27: (11) When its boughs dry up, they are broken off. Women shall come and kindle them, for it is a people with no understanding. On account of this His Maker shall not pity him, and His Former will not favor him.

Isaiah 29: (9) Wait and wonder! Blind yourselves, and be blind! They are drunk, but not with wine! They stagger, but not [with] fermented drink! (10) For Jehovah has poured out on you the spirit of deep sleep, and has closed your eyes. He has covered the prophets and your heads, the seers. (11) And the whole vision to you is like the words of a sealed book which they give to one knowing books, saying, Please read this. Then he says, I am not able, for it is sealed. (12) And the book is given to one who does not know books, saying, Please read this. Then he says, I do not know books. (13) And the Lord says, Because this people draws near with its mouth, and they honor Me with its lip; but its heart is far from Me, and their fear of Me is taught [by] the commandments [of] men; (14) So, behold, I am adding to do wonderfully with this people, the wonder, even a wonder. For the wisdom of his wise ones shall perish, and the wit of his witty ones shall be hidden. (15) Woe [to] those who go deep to hide [their] purposes from Jehovah; yea, their works are in the dark; and they say, Who sees us? And, Who knows us? (16) Oh your perversity! Shall the former be counted as the clay? For shall the work of its maker say, He did not make me? Or shall the thing formed say to him who formed it, He does not understand? (17) [Is] it not yet a little while, and Lebanon shall be turned into a fruitful field; and the fruitful field shall be counted for the forest? (18) And in that day the deaf shall hear the words of a book; and the eyes of the blind shall see out of their gloom and out of darkness. (19) And the humble ones shall increase joy in Jehovah, and the poor among men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel. (20) For the terrible one is brought to nothing; and the scorner is ended; and all that watch for iniquity are cut off; (21) those who make a man sin by a word, even laying a trap for the reprover in the gate, and turn aside the just for a worthless thing. (22) So Jehovah says this: [He] who redeemed Abraham, as to the house of Jacob: Jacob shall not be ashamed now, nor shall his face become pale now. (23) But when he sees his children in his midst, the work of My hands, they shall sanctify My name. They shall sanctify the Holy One of Jacob, and shall fear the God of Israel. (24) Those who erred in spirit shall come to understanding, and those who murmured shall learn the instruction.

Isaiah 42: (19) Who [is] blind but My servant? Or deaf, as My messenger whom I send? Who is blind as he who [is] at peace, and blind as Jehovah's servant? (20) You see many things, but do not observe; [your] ears [are] open, but not any hears.

Isaiah 44: (9) Those who form a carved image [are] all of them vanity. And their delights do not profit; and they [are] their own witnesses. They do not see, nor know, that they may be ashamed. (10) Who has formed a god, or poured out an image to no profit? (11) Behold, all his companions shall be ashamed; and the craftsmen, they [are] from men. They shall assemble, all of them shall stand; they shall dread; they shall be shamed together. (12) He carves iron with a tool; he works in the coals and forms it with hammers, and works it with his powerful arm; then he is hungry, and has no strength; he drinks no water and is weary. (13) He fashions wood, and stretches a line; he marks it with a stylus; he shapes it with a carving tool, and he marks it with a compass. And he makes it according to the figure of a man, as the beauty of a man, to sit [in the] house. (14) He cuts down cedars and takes cypress and oak, and he makes the trees of the forest strong for him. He plants a tree, and rain makes it grow. (15) And it shall be for a man to burn; yea, he takes of them and is warmed; and he kindles [it] and bakes bread. Yea, he makes a god and worships; he makes a carved image and bows to it. (16) He burns half of it in the fire; he eats flesh on half of it; he roasts roast, and is satisfied. Then he warms himself and says, Ah, I am warm; I have seen the fire. (17) And he makes a god of the rest, his carved image; he bows to it and worships, and prays to it, and says, Deliver me, for you [are] my god. (18) They do not know nor discern; for He has smeared their eyes from seeing, their hearts from understanding. (19) And not one turns back to his heart, nor has knowledge nor discernment to say, I have burned half of it in the fire; and I also have baked bread on its coals. I have roasted flesh and have eaten it; and I have made the rest of it into an idol. Shall I bow to a product of a tree? (20) Feeding on ashes, a deceived heart turns him aside, and he does not deliver his soul, nor say, [Is there] not a lie in my right hand?

Isaiah 45: (9) Woe [to] him who fights with the One who formed him! A potsherd among the potsherds of the earth! Shall the clay say to its former, What are you making? Or does your work say, He [has] no hands? (10) Woe to him who says to a father, What are you fathering? Or to the woman, What are you laboring over? (11) So says Jehovah, the Holy One of Israel, and the One who formed him, Do you ask Me of the things to come? Do you give command to Me about My sons, and about the work of My hands? (12) I have made the earth, and created man on it. I stretched out the heavens [with] My hands; and I have set all their host in order. (13) I raised him up in righteousness, and have made straight all his ways. He shall build My city, and he will release My captives; not for price, nor for reward, says Jehovah of Hosts. (14) So says Jehovah, The labor of Egypt, and the goods of Ethiopia, and of the Sabeans, men of stature, shall come to you; and they shall be yours. They shall come after you; they shall cross in chains; and they shall bow to you; they shall plead to you. Surely God [is] in you, and there [is] none else, no [other] God. (15) Truly, You [are] a God who hides Himself, O God of Israel, the Savior. (16) They shall be ashamed, and also are disgraced, all of them. Together they go into disgrace, carvers of images. (17) Israel is saved in Jehovah [with] everlasting salvation. You shall not be ashamed nor disgraced to the forevers of eternity. (18) For so says Jehovah, Creator of the heavens; He [is] God, forming the earth and making it; He makes it stand, not creating it empty, [but] forming it to be lived in. I [am] Jehovah, and [there is] none else. (19) I have not spoken in secret, in a dark place of the earth. I did not say to Jacob's seed, Seek Me in vain. I Jehovah speak righteousness, declaring right things. (20) Gather yourselves and come; draw near together, escaped ones of the nations; the ones who set up the wood of their carved image, and the ones who pray to a god who cannot save; they know nothing. (21) Declare and bring near; yea, let them consult together. Who has revealed this of old; [who] has told it from then? Is it not I, Jehovah? And there [is] no God other than Me; a just God and a Savior; [there is] none except Me.

Isaiah 48: (3) I have declared the former things from then; and they went out of My mouth; and I made them hear; suddenly I acted, and they came about. (4) Because I knew that you are hard, and your neck is a sinew of iron, and your brow bronze. (5) And I declared to you from then; before it came I made you hear, lest you should say, My idol did them; and my image and my casted image commanded them. (6) You heard; see it all; and will you not declare? I made you hear new things from now, even hidden things, and you did not know them. (7) They are created now, and not from then; even before today, but you did not hear them; lest you should say, See, I knew them. (8) Yea, you did not hear; yea, you did not know; yea, from then your ear was not opened; for I know that betraying you will betray and revolt from the womb; it was called to you.

Isaiah 53: (1) Who has believed our report? And to whom is the arm of Jehovah revealed?

Isaiah 56: (10) His watchmen [are] blind; they all do not know; they are all dumb dogs; they cannot bark, dreaming, lying down, loving to slumber; (11) yea, dogs greedy of soul; they do not know satisfaction. And they [are] shepherds; they do not know to discern; they all look to their own way, each one for his own gain, from his own end, saying: (12) Come, and let me bring wine, and let us gulp down fermented drink; and tomorrow shall be as this day, great, exceedingly abundant.

Jeremiah 2: (8) The priests did not say, Where is Jehovah? And they who handle the Law did not know Me. And the shepherds rebelled against Me; and the prophets prophesied by Baal, and went after things not profitable. (9) Therefore, I will contend with you, says Jehovah, and I will contend with your sons' sons. (10) For go to the isles of Kittim and see, and send to Kedar, and carefully consider and see if there is any like this. (11) Has a nation changed its gods, and they were not gods? But My people have changed their Glory without profiting. (12) Be amazed at this, O heavens, and be horrified; be completely desolated, declares Jehovah. (13) For My people have done two evils: they have forsaken Me, the Fountain of living waters, to hew out cisterns for themselves, broken cisterns that can hold no water.

Jeremiah 4: (22) For My people are foolish. They do not know Me. They are stupid children, and they have no understanding. They [are] wise to do evil, but they do not know to do good.

Jeremiah 5: (1) Roam around in Jerusalem's streets and see now, and know, and seek in her plazas if you can find a man, if there is one who does justice, who seeks truth; and I will pardon her. (2) And though they say, [As] Jehovah lives, surely they swear falsely. (3) O Jehovah, [are] not Your eyes for the truth? You struck them, but they felt no pain. You consumed them, [yet] they refused to take correction. They made their faces harder than rock; they have refused to return. (4) So I said, Surely they are poor; they are foolish, for they do not know the way of Jehovah, the judgment of their God. (5) I will go up for myself to the great men and will speak to them. For they have known the way of Jehovah, the judgment of their God. Surely these have joined in breaking the yoke; they have torn off the bonds. (6) On account of this a lion out of the forest shall strike them; a wolf of the desert shall destroy them; a leopard is watching over their cities. Everyone who goes out from them shall be torn in pieces, because their transgressions are many; their rebellions are multiplied. (7) Why should I pardon you for this? Your sons have forsaken Me and have sworn by No-gods. When I adjured them, they then committed adultery and gathered themselves by troops in a harlot's house. (8) They were [like] lusty, well fed stallions in the morning, everyone neighing after the wife of his neighbor. (9) Shall I not judge for these [things], says Jehovah? And shall not My soul be avenged on such a nation as this? (10) Go up on her vine rows and destroy, but do not make a full end. Take away her branches, for they [are] not Jehovah's. (11) For the house of Israel and the house of Judah have been very devious with Me, declares Jehovah. (12) They have lied against Jehovah and said, [It is] not He; and, No evil shall come on us; and, We shall not see sword or famine. (13) And the prophets shall become wind, and the Word [is] not in them; so it shall be done to them. (14) So Jehovah God of Hosts says this: Because you spoke this word, behold! I will make My Words fire in your mouth, and these people wood; and it shall consume them. (15) Behold, I will bring a nation on you from far away, O house of Israel, declares Jehovah. It [is] an enduring nation; it is an ancient nation, a nation whose language you do not know, nor understand what they say. (16) Their quiver [is] as an open grave; they [are] all mighty men. (17) And they will eat up your harvest and your food, and they will devour your sons and your daughters. They will eat up your flocks and your herds; they will eat up your vines and your fig trees. One shall beat down your fortified cities with the sword, those in which you trust. (18) Yet even in those days, declares Jehovah, I will not make a full end with you. (19) And it will be when you shall say, Why does Jehovah our God do all these [things] to us? Then you shall answer them, Just as you have forsaken Me and served foreign gods in your land, so you shall serve strangers in a land [that is] not yours. (20) Declare this in the house of Jacob and cry it in Judah, saying, (21) Now hear this, O foolish people, even you without heart, who have eyes and do not see, who have ears and do not hear. (22) Do you not fear Me, declares Jehovah? Will you not tremble before My face, that I have placed the sand [as] the limit for the sea [by] an eternal decree, so that it cannot cross over it? And though they toss themselves, yet they cannot prevail; though its waves roar, yet they cannot cross over it. (23) But to this people there is a revolting and a rebellious heart; they have turned and are gone. (24) And they do not say in their heart, Let us now fear Jehovah our God who gives both the former and the latter rain in its season; He keeps for us the appointed weeks of the harvest. (25) Your iniquities have turned away these [things], and your sins have withheld good from you. (26) For among My people are found wicked ones. They lie in wait, as one who sets snares. They set a trap, they catch men. (27) Like a cage full of birds, so their houses are full of treachery. On account of this they have become great and grown rich. (28) They have become fat; they shine. Yes, they pass over the deeds of the evil; they do not judge the cause of the orphan, that they may prosper. And they do not vindicate the right of the needy. (29) Shall I not visit for these [things], declares Jehovah? Shall not My soul be avenged on such a nation as this? (30) An astounding and horrible thing has happened in the land. (31) The prophets prophesy falsely, and the priests bear rule by their hands; and My people love [it] so. And what will you do at the end of it?

Jeremiah 8: (1) At that time, declares Jehovah, they will bring out the bones of the kings of Judah, and the bones of its rulers, and the bones of the priests, and the bones of the prophets, and the bones of those living in Jerusalem, out of their graves. (2) And they shall spread them before the sun and the moon and all the host of the heavens whom they have loved, and whom they have served, and after whom they have walked, and whom they have sought, and whom they have worshiped. They shall not be gathered or buried; they shall be dung on the face of the ground. (3) And death shall be chosen rather than life by all the rest of those who remain of this evil family, who remain there in all the places where I have driven them, says Jehovah of Hosts. (4) And you shall say to them, So says Jehovah, Shall they fall and not rise up? Or shall one turn away and not return? (5) Why has this people, Jerusalem, turned away [to] a never ending apostasy? They hold fast to deceit. They refuse to return. (6) I listened and heard. They did not speak so. No man repented because of this evil, saying, What have I done? Everyone turned in their own courses, as a horse rushes into the battle. (7) Also the stork in the heavens knows her seasons, and the turtledove and the swallow and the thrush observe the time of their coming. But My people do not know the judgment of Jehovah. (8) How do you say, We [are] wise, and the Law of Jehovah [is] with us? Behold, the lying pen of the scribes has certainly worked deceit. (9) The wise are ashamed; they are terrified and are captured. Behold, they have rejected the Word of Jehovah, and what wisdom [is] theirs? (10) So I will give their wives to others, their fields to those who shall inherit. For everyone from the least even to the greatest cuts off a profit. From the prophet even to the priest, everyone deals falsely. (11) For they have healed the hurt of the daughter of My people slightly, saying, Peace, peace! And [there is] no peace. (12) Were they ashamed when they had done hateful things? They were not even at all ashamed, nor did they know how to blush. So they shall fall among those who fall. In the time of their punishment they will wither, says Jehovah.

Jeremiah 17: (9) The heart [is] deceitful above all things, and it is incurable; who can know it?

Ezekiel 12: (2) Son of man, you dwell in the midst of a rebellious house. [They] have eyes to see, but they do not see; they have ears to hear, but they do not hear; for they [are] a rebellious house.

Daniel 12: (10) Many shall be purified and made white and tested. But the wicked shall do wickedly. And not one of the wicked shall understand, but the wise shall understand.

Hosea 4: (1) Sons of Israel, hear the Word of Jehovah, for Jehovah [has] a quarrel with those living in the land; for there is no truth, and no mercy, and no knowledge of God in the land. (2) Swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and the committing of adultery increase. And blood touches against blood. (3) On account of this the land shall mourn, and every one living in it shall droop, with the beasts of the field and the birds of the heaven; yes, also the fish of the sea shall be removed. (4) Yet let not a man strive with nor reprove a man. For your people [are] as a priest striven with. (5) And you shall stumble in the day, and the prophet also shall stumble with you [at] night, and I will cut off your mother. (6) My people are cut off for lack of knowledge. Because you rejected the knowledge, I also rejected you from being priest to Me. Since you have forgotten the Law of your God, I will forget your sons, even I.

Hosea 5: (4) Their doings will not give [them] to turn to their God. For the spirit of fornication [is] in their midst, and they do not know Jehovah.

Matthew 13: (19) Everyone hearing the Word of the kingdom, and not understanding, [then] the evil one comes and catches away that which was sown in his heart. This is that sown by the roadside. (23) But that sown on the good ground is this: the [one] hearing the Word, and understanding it, who indeed bears and yields fruit, one truly a hundredfold, and one sixty, and one thirty.

Matthew 15: (13) But answering, He said, Every plant which My heavenly Father has not planted shall be rooted up. (14) Leave them alone. They are blind leaders of the blind; and if the blind lead the blind, both will fall into a pit.

Matthew 22: (29) And answering, Jesus said to them, You err, not knowing the Scriptures nor the power of God.

Luke 11: (52) Woe to you, lawyers! Because you took the key of knowledge; you yourselves did not enter, and you kept out the ones entering.

Luke 12: (54) And He also said to the crowd, When you see the cloud rising up from the west, you immediately say, A storm is coming; and it happens so. (55) And when a south wind [is] blowing, you say, There will be heat; and it occurs. (56) Hypocrites! You know to discern the face of the earth and of the heaven, but how [is it] you do not discern this time? (57) And why do you not judge what is right even of yourselves?

John 1: (10) He was in the world, and the world came into being through Him, yet the world did not know Him.

John 3: (10) Jesus answered and said to him, You are the teacher of Israel, and you do not know these things? (11) Truly, truly, I say to you, That which we know, we speak; and that which we have seen, we testify. And you do not receive our testimony. (12) If I tell you earthly things, and you do not believe, how will you believe if I tell you heavenly things?

John 4: (10) Jesus answered and said to her, If you knew the gift of God, and who is the [One] saying to you, Give Me to drink, you would have asked Him, and He would give you living water. (22) You worship what you do not know; we worship what we know, for salvation is of the Jews. (23) But an hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and in truth. For the Father also seeks such, the [ones] worshiping Him. (24) God [is] a spirit, and the ones worshiping Him must worship in spirit and truth.

John 8: (42) Then Jesus said to them, If God were your Father, you would love Me, for I went forth and have come from God. For I have not come from Myself, but that One sent Me. (43) Why do you not know My speech? [It is] because you are not able to hear My Word. (44) You are of the Devil as father, and the lusts of your father you desire to do. That one was a murderer from [the] beginning, and he has not stood in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaks [a] lie, he speaks from [his] own, because he is a liar, and the father of it. (45) And because I speak the truth, you do not believe Me. (46) Who of you reproves Me concerning sin? But if I speak truth, why do you not believe Me? (47) The [one] who is of God hears the Words of God; for this reason you do not hear, because you are not of God.

John 12: (37) But [though] He had done so many [miraculous] signs before them, they did not believe into Him, (38) so that the Word of Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, which he said, Lord, who has believed our report? And the arm of the Lord, to whom was it revealed? (39) Because of this they could not believe, because Isaiah said again, (40) He has blinded their eyes and has hardened their heart, that they might not see with the eyes and understand with the heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.

John 14: (16) And I will petition the Father, and He will give you another Comforter, that He may remain with you to the age, (17) the Spirit of Truth, whom the world cannot receive because it does not see Him nor know Him. But you know Him, for He abides with you and shall be in you.

John 15: (21) But all these things they will do to you on account of My name, because they do not know the [One] who sent Me.

John 16: (2) They will put you out of [the] synagogue, but an hour is coming that everyone killing you will think to bear a service before God. (3) And they will do these things to you because they do not know the Father nor Me.

John 17: (25) Righteous Father, indeed the world did not know You, but I knew You; and these have known that You sent Me. (26) And I made known to them Your name, and will make [it] known, that the love [with] which You loved Me may be in them, and I in them.

Acts 13: (27) For those dwelling in Jerusalem, and their rulers, not having known this One, and the voices of the prophets being read throughout every sabbath, condemning [Him], they fulfilled [the Scriptures].

Romans 3: (10) according as it has been written, [There is] not a righteous [one], not even one! (11) [There is] not [one] understanding; [there is] not [one] seeking God. (12) All turned away, became worthless together, not [one is] doing goodness, not so much as one! (13) Their throat [is] a tomb being opened; they used deceit with their tongues; [the] poison of asps [is] under their lips; (14) whose mouth [is] full of cursing and bitterness. (15) Their feet [are] swift to shed blood; (16) ruin and misery [are] in their way; (17) and they did not know a way of peace; (18) there is no fear of God before their eyes.

1 Corinthians 1: (18) For the Word of the cross is foolishness to those being lost, but to us being saved, [it] is [the] power of God. (19) For it has been written, I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and I will set aside the understanding of the understanding ones. (20) Where [is the] wise? Where [the] scribe? Where [the] lawyer of this world? Did God not make the wisdom of this world foolish? (21) For since in the wisdom of God the world [by] wisdom did not know God, God was pleased through the foolishness of preaching to save the ones believing. (22) And since Jews ask for a sign, and Greeks seek wisdom, (23) we, on the other hand, preach Christ crucified (truly an offense to Jews, and foolishness to Greeks), (24) but to the called out ones, both to Jews and to Greeks, Christ is the power of God and the wisdom of God; (25) because the foolish thing of God is wiser [than] men, and the weak thing of God is stronger [than] men.

1 Corinthians 2: (14) But a natural man does not receive the things of [the] Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him, and he is not able to know [them], because they are spiritually discerned. (15) But the spiritual one discerns all things, but he is discerned by no one.

2 Corinthians 3: (14) But their thoughts were hardened, for until the present [time] the same veil remains on the reading of the Old Covenant, not being unveiled, that it is being done away in Christ. (15) But until today, when Moses is being read, a veil lies on their heart. (16) But whenever it turns to [the] Lord, the veil is taken away.

Galatians 4: (8) But then, indeed, not knowing God, you served as slaves [to] the ones by nature not being gods.

Ephesians 4: (17) Therefore, I say this, and testify in [the] Lord, that you no longer walk even as also the rest [of the] nations walk, in [the] vanity of their mind, (18) having been darkened in the intellect, being alienated [from] the life of God through the ignorance which is in them because of the hardness of their heart,

1 Thessalonians 4: (5) not in passion of lust, even as also the nations [do], not knowing God;

2 Thessalonians 1: (8) in flaming fire giving full vengeance to those not knowing God, and to those not obeying the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ, (9) who will pay the penalty: everlasting destruction from the face of the Lord, and from the glory of His strength,

2 Thessalonians 2: (9) [His] coming is according to the working of Satan in all power and [miraculous] signs and lying wonders, (10) and in all deceit of unrighteousness in those being lost, because they did not receive the love of the truth in order for them to be saved. (11) And because of this, God will send to them a working of error, for them to believe the lie, (12) that all may be judged, those not believing the truth, but who have delighted in unrighteousness.

2 Timothy 3: (7) always learning, but never being able to come to a full knowledge of [the] truth.

1 Peter 1: (13) Because of this, having girded up the loins of your mind, being sober, perfectly hope on the grace being brought to you at [the] revelation of Jesus Christ, (14) as children of obedience, not fashioning yourselves to your former lusts in your ignorance,

1 John 1: (6) If we say that we have fellowship with Him, and we walk in darkness, we lie and are not practicing the truth.

1 John 2: (9) The [one] claiming to be in the light, and hating his brother, is in the darkness until now. (10) The [one] loving his brother rests in the light, and no offense is in him. (11) But the [one] hating his brother is in the darkness, and walks in the darkness, and does not know where he is going, because the darkness blinded his eyes.

1 John 3: (1) See what manner of love the Father has given us, that we may be called children of God. For this reason the world does not know us, because it did not know Him.

1 John 4: (8) The [one] who does not love has not known God, because God is love.

Okay, thus far, in the last sermon and in this one, we have seen Scriptures that show that saved people have knowledge and that lost people do not have knowledge. I now want to put these two truths together by reading some passages that talk about the subjective change that happens when a person goes from being lost to being saved. Many of the passages we just read made reference to spiritual blindness and spiritual darkness. What we see in passages that talk about the change from lost to saved make reference to going from darkness to light or from blindness to sight. Now what do LIGHT and SIGHT refer to? They refer to KNOWLEDGE. DARKNESS and BLINDNESS refer to ignorance, while LIGHT and SIGHT refer to KNOWLEDGE. 2 Corinthians 4:3-6 very clearly shows this, comparing those whose thoughts are blinded to those who have been given the light - the light of what? The KNOWLEDGE of the gospel of the glory of Christ. Keeping this in mind, let's look at some of the passages that mention this change:

Psalm 146: (8) Jehovah opens [the eyes of] the blind; Jehovah raises those bowed down; Jehovah loves the righteous;

Isaiah 9: (2) The people who walk in darkness have seen a great light. The ones who dwell in the land of the shadow of death, light has shone on them.

Isaiah 35: (5) Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf opened.

Isaiah 42: (6) I, Jehovah, have called You in righteousness, and will hold Your hand, and will keep You, and give You for a covenant of the people, for a Light of the nations; (7) to open blind eyes, to lead out the prisoner from the prison; those who sit in darkness from the prison.

Luke 4: (17) And [the] scroll of Isaiah the prophet was handed to Him. And unrolling the book, He found the place where it was written: (18) [The] Spirit of [the] Lord [is] upon Me. Because of this He anointed Me to proclaim the gospel to [the] poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, to proclaim remission to captives, and to [the] blind to see again, to send away [the ones] being crushed, in remission, (19) to preach an acceptable year of [the] Lord. (20) And rolling up the scroll, returning [it] to the attendant, He sat down. And the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on Him. (21) And He began to say to them, Today this Scripture has been fulfilled in your ears.

John 8: (12) Then Jesus again spoke to them, saying, I am the Light of the world. The [one] following Me will in no way walk in the darkness, but will have the light of life.

John 12: (46) I have come [as] a Light to the world, that everyone who believes into Me may not remain in the darkness.

Acts 26: (15) And I said, Who are you, Sir? And He said, I am Jesus whom you persecute; (16) but rise up and stand on your feet, for [it is] for this reason I appeared to you, to appoint you a servant and a witness both of what you saw, and in what I shall appear to you, (17) having delivered you from the people and the nations, to whom I now send you, (18) to open their eyes, and to turn [them] from darkness to light, and [from] the authority of Satan to God, in order that they [may] receive remission of sins, and an inheritance among those being sanctified by faith in Me.

Ephesians 5: (8) for you then were darkness, but [are] now light in [the] Lord; walk as children of light.

Colossians 1: (12) giving thanks to the Father, who has made us fit for a share of the inheritance of the saints in light, (13) who delivered us out of the authority of darkness, and translated [us] into the kingdom of the Son of His love,

1 Peter 2: (9) But you [are] an elect race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for possession, so that you may openly speak of the virtues of the [One] who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light;

Today we have seen even more evidence from God's Word regarding knowledge. Lack of a particular kind of knowledge is necessarily indicative of lostness, and when God saves a person, He causes that person to go from the darkness and blindness of ignorance into the light and sight of that particular kind of knowledge. And what is that particular kind of knowledge that distinguishes believers from unbelievers? It is the knowledge of the gospel - the person and work of Jesus Christ. To close, let's read Jeremiah 9:1-24:

Jeremiah 9: (1) Oh, that my head were waters and my eyes a fountain of tears, that I might weep day and night for the slain of the daughter of my people! (2) Oh, that I had a lodging place for travelers in the wilderness, that I might leave my people and go away from them! For they [are] all adulterers, an assembly of treacherous ones. (3) And they bend their tongues, their bow [is] a lie. And they are not mighty for the truth on the earth, for they go from evil to evil. They also do not know Me, says Jehovah. (4) Let everyone be on guard against his neighbor, and do not trust any brother. For every brother will supplant, and every neighbor will walk as a slanderer. (5) And everyone will deceive his neighbor, and they will not speak the truth. They have taught their tongue to speak lies. They weary themselves to commit iniquity. (6) Your home [is] in the midst of deceit; through deceit they refuse to know Me, says Jehovah. (7) For this reason, so says Jehovah of Hosts, Behold, I will refine them and test them. For what [else] can I do because of the daughter of My people? (8) Their tongue [is] a murdering arrow; it speaks deceit. [One] speaks peace with his neighbor with his mouth, but in his heart he sets his ambush. (9) Shall I not visit them for these [things]? says Jehovah. Or shall not My soul be avenged on such a nation as this? (10) I will take up a weeping and a wailing for the mountains and a mourning for the pastures of the wilderness. For they are burned up, without a man passing through. Yea, they do not hear the voice of cattle. From the fowl of the heavens and to the beast, they have fled; they are gone. (11) And I will make Jerusalem ruins, a den of jackals; and I will make the cities of Judah a desolation without inhabitant. (12) Who is the wise man that can understand this? And he to whom the mouth of Jehovah has spoken, that he may declare it? Why does the land perish? It is burned up like the wilderness, so that no one passes through. (13) And Jehovah says, Because they have forsaken My Law which I set before them, and have not obeyed My voice, and have not walked in it; (14) but have walked after the stubbornness of their own heart, and after the Baals, which their fathers taught them; (15) so Jehovah of Hosts, the God of Israel, says this: Behold, I will feed them, this people with wormwood, and make them drink poison waters. (16) I will also scatter them among the nations which they have not known, nor their fathers. And I will send the sword after them until I have consumed them. (17) So says Jehovah of Hosts, Consider and call for the wailers, that they may come. And send for the wise [women], that they may come. (18) And let them make haste and take up a lament over us, so that our eyes may run down with tears, and waters flow [from] our eyelids. (19) For the voice of lament is heard from Zion. How we are ravaged! We are greatly ashamed because we have forsaken the land; because they have thrown down our dwellings. (20) Yet hear the Word of Jehovah, women. And let your ear receive the Word of His mouth, and teach your daughters a lament, and each one her neighbor a dirge. (21) For death has come into our windows, entering into our fortresses, to cut off the children from the street, [the] young men from the plazas. (22) Speak, So says Jehovah, Even the bodies of men shall fall as dung on the open field, and as the swath after the reaper, and no one shall gather [them]. (23) So says Jehovah, Do not let the wise glory in his wisdom, and do not let the mighty glory in his might. Do not let the rich glory in his riches. (24) But let him who glories glory in this, that [he] understands and knows Me, that I [am] Jehovah, doing kindness, justice and righteousness in the earth; for I delight in these, says Jehovah.